Articles related to reserves
 
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  Fielding my grandson’s questions about gold and banking
My grandson had quite a day at school.He had learned that the economy had been suffering from things called Panics, capital P, during the 19th century and had another big one in the early 20th century.He had been told that responsible, public-spirited men like J. P. Morgan had organized a central bank to prevent those Panics.He and other bankers finally got the government to go along with their idea and pass it into law in late 1913.And wouldn’t you know it — we’ve had no more Panics since then.
Saturday, January 5, 2019
Frank Shostak
  Why Fractional-Reserve Banking Would Be Limited in an Unhampered Market 
The so-called multiplier arises as a result of the fact that banks are legally permitted to use money that is placed in demand deposits. Banks treat this type of money as if it was loaned to them, thus loaning it out while simultaneously allowing depositors to spend that money.RELATED: "Austrians, Fractional Reserves, and the Money Multiplier" by Robert BatemarcoFor example, if John places $100 in demand deposit at Bank One he doesn't relinquish his claim over the deposited $100. He has unlimite
Friday, January 4, 2019
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
America's Forgotten War Against the Central Banks
"Let me issue and control a nation's money supply, and I care not who makes its laws." (Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty) Many prominent Americans such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson have argued and fought against the central banking polices used throughout Europe. A note issued by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve Note, is bank currency. These notes are given to the government in exchange for an interest-bearing g
Sunday, December 30, 2018
Gordon Long - Market Analytics
China Potentially Threatens a Near Term Us Treasury Short Squeeze!
Problems in China are looming on top of an already very tenuous and misunderstood situation in the US Financial Markets. Additionally, Federal Reserve Policy has made the situation even more combustible! As a result of a Trump Victory inspired bond market massacre there are now few places that a yield starved world can presently find better risk-adjusted yields than in US Treasuries. With China now being forced to sell their FX Reserves and thereby creating  the much needed supply so e
Saturday, December 29, 2018
Mac Slavo - ShtfPlan
Is This The Beginning Of The Next Silver Rush
This report is a PAID ADVERTISEMENT from Oilprice.com Far below the Nevada desert, past ancient mine shafts and rock-strewn caverns, there could be a fortune waiting to be made by one small company. A fortune in silver. A mine that inspired the silver rush in the 1880s, that was tapped once more in the 1960s, could again prove a boon to miners using the latest technologies to tap unexplored and unexploited mineral deposits. It could prove to be a great re-discovery in the history of silver minin
Friday, December 14, 2018
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 17, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Chris Powell at New Orleans conference: Gold market manipulation update, November 2018
Since we met at this conference last year much new evidence of manipulation of the gold market by central banks and their bullion bank agents has been compiled and disclosed by the Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee. For example, a month ago a major bullion bank, the Bank of No
Saturday, November 3, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
Gold Improves Investment, Pension and Central Bank Portfolio’s Risk-Adjusted Returns
 Hungary increases gold reserves 10 fold and central bank Governor sees gold as having “economic and national strategic importance” – Central banks diversifying into gold in order to ensure the national foreign exchange reserves are “safer” and to “reduce risk” – Gold allocation reduces volatility & enhances returns in investment & pension portfolios– As stocks sold off aggressively, gold & Google searches for ‘gold price’ rose significantly
Tuesday, October 30, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
God, Gold and Guns
We’ve been looking into One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter. October 2, 2017: One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter October 14, 2017: One Nation Under Gold #2: The Silliness of the Bretton Woods Years Now, we will follow Ledbetter’s account of the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, up to the present. The account of the 1971 devaluation was, following the pattern of this book, long on details but short on insight. It seemed to people at the time that they “had no choice,” that
Tuesday, October 23, 2018
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
Skepticism reigns about the True state of Chinese central bank gold reserves
One of the most mysterious and unresolved questions in the gold world centers on how much gold reserves the Chinese State, through the Chinese central bank, actually holds. Since October 2016, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC), China’s central bank, has continued to announce unchanged gold reserves each month and persistently claims that its official gold reserves remain static at 1842 tonnes. That reporting comes through China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) and is also report
Friday, October 12, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Ronan Manly: Skepticism reigns about true state of China's gold reserves
Bullion Star gold researcher Ronan Manly today reviews China's practice of acquiring gold reserves surreptitiously and reporting them to the International Monetary Fund only at long intervals. In July 2015, Manly notes, China pledged to start regular reporting of gold reserve changes, and did make monthly updates for 14 months, but these stopped in October 2016 and no changes have been reported since. This, Manly suggests, tends to confirm your secretary/treasurer's frequent observation that
Friday, October 12, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The View From 2011
Today, we will continue our discussion of the “gold sterilization” of 1937. June 18, 2017: The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937 June 25, 2017: The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937 #2: Fumbling and Bumbling We will look at an influential 2011 paper by Douglas Irwin, available here: http://www.nber.org/papers/w17595.pdf All in all, I think the paper is pretty good, at least in its basic descriptions. It meanders into the usual channels of pointless Monetarism, with some equally pointless math, but it does
Monday, June 25, 2018
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
  Understanding money and prices
This article explains the money side of prices, and why government currencies, unbacked by gold, are doomed to collapse. And why gold, which is the sound money chosen by markets throughout history, will retain or increase its purchasing power measured in the goods it buys over the coming years.Very few people have a full understanding of the relationship between money and goods. This is the relationship that sets prices. Yet, without that understanding, central banks will almost certainly fail i
Sunday, June 17, 2018
Mike Maloney - Goldsilver
  Gold Silver Confiscation: Can the Government Seize Assets
One concern of retail precious metals investors is the possibility of a gold confiscation.Imagine having the forethought to buy gold to shield your finances from an economic or monetary crisis—only to have it taken away from you by your government. You’d lose not just the protective buffer you put in place but potentially a chunk of your net worth.Gold confiscation may sound preposterous to investors used to securities or real estate. But it’s happened in the past enough times to make it a reaso
Friday, June 15, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Mongolia's central bank launches campaign to increase gold reserves
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-06/06/c_137232904.htm ULAN BATOR, Mongolia -- The Bank of Mongolia said today it has launched a campaign called "National Gold to the Fund of Treasures" within the framework of the "Gold-2" national program. The five-month campaign is aimed at encouraging gold miners and individuals to sell their gold to the central bank and commercial banks, increasing the gold reserves, intensifying training and promotion on the process of gold purchase among the public, a
Friday, June 8, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937
Today, we will start investigating the U.S. recession of 1937, and along with that, claims that the Federal Reserve caused it by some sort of misbehavior. As is our usual practice, we will begin with just looking at some general information about that time. Industrial production had a short, sharp shock in 1937. Here’s what it looked like in terms of nominal GDP: I am not going to try to disentangle what was going on at that time. There were a lot of things, from the introduction of Social Sec
Monday, June 4, 2018
Hugo Salinas Price - Plata.com
Silver and the Great Future of Mexico
Lecture of the author at the solemn ceremony of his appointment as Honorary Professor of Northwest Institute of Management of the Russian Presidential Academy. Embassy of the Russian Federation Mexico City June 27, 2017. Your Excellency, Ambassador Edward Malayan; Doctor Vladimir Shamakhov, Director of the Northwest Institute of Management of Russian Presidential Academy,members of the Honorable Diplomatic Corps here present, and esteemed audience: I am greatly privileged to be with all of
Saturday, May 19, 2018
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
New Gold Pool at the BIS Basle, Switzerland: Part 1
“In the Governor’s absence I attended the meeting in Zijlstra’s room in the BIS on the afternoon of Monday, 10th December to continue discussions about a possible gold pool. Emminger, de la Geniere, de Strycker, Leutwiler, Larre and Pohl were present.”      13 December 1979 – Kit McMahon to Gordon Richardson, Bank of England Introduction A central bank Gold Pool which many people will be familiar with operated in the gold market between November 1961 and March 1968. That Gold Pool was known as t
Wednesday, May 2, 2018
Keith Weiner - Monetary Metals
Standing Ready to Lease Gold
We will take another break from capital destruction, to treat a topic which has come up this week. On March 11, we said: “…central bankers do not think about gold. Granted, they once did. In the 1960’s, there was the now-infamous London Gold Pool to keep the price of gold at $35. This is endlessly cited as evidence of current central bank price suppression, without bothering to mention that until 1971 the official US policy was to maintain the dollar to gold exchange rate of $35 to the ounce. …
Tuesday, March 20, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
Hungary’s Gold Repatriation Adds To Growing Protest Against US Dollar Hegemony
– Hungarian National Bank (MNB) to repatriate 100,000 ounces gold from Bank of England– Follows trend of Netherlands, Germany, Austria and Belgium each looking to bring gold back to home soil– Hungary one of the smallest gold owners amongst central banks, with just 5 tonnes– Central bank gold purchases continue to be major drivers of gold market– Russian central bank gold reserves now exceed those of China– Decisions to repatriate and increase gold reserves come as rifts between East and West wi
Wednesday, March 14, 2018
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