I have received numerous emails asking about silver.
This article was prompted by a question enquiring what the silver price might
be if my gold forecast of $4,500 proved to be correct. As I own some silver
bullion and a number of silver mining shares, the question caused me to pause
and take a closer look at silver.
The reason why I have
written very little about silver in the past was because the beautiful
Elliott Wave (EW) symmetry and predictable relationships visible in gold were
not to be found in silver. I first wrote about silver in December 2003 in an
article titled "US Dollar Implosion - Part II". The link to this
article is at: http://www.gold-eagle.com/editorials_03/field120503.html. The brief piece on
silver was tacked onto the end of that article. In view of its brevity, the
2003 silver piece is reproduced in full below:
"In past crises, the
wealthy protected themselves by purchasing gold and gold related assets.
Ordinary people, by far the greater number, could rarely afford to buy gold.
Being far cheaper, they previously had to buy silver. This metal became the
poor man's choice as an asset to protect their savings. Silver has so far
lagged gold in the early stages of this bull market, but that situation seems
about to change."
history the average relationship between silver and gold has been 15oz silver
to 1oz gold. The ratio at present is a far higher 75:1 ($400/$5.30). This is
massively out of line. If gold were to double to $800 per oz,
it would not be unreasonable to expect the silver/gold ratio to decline
sharply, possibly as low as 40:1. With gold at $800, this would position
silver at $20.
Thus a 100% increase in
the price of gold could possibly be accompanied by a simultaneous 400%
increase (perhaps more) in the price of silver. This offers significant
opportunities both in silver bullion and silver mining shares.
The above graph of the
price of silver has been borrowed from an excellent recent article by Dan Norcini entitled "A Technical Look at Silver -
Update". What is quite clear from the graph is that silver's 22-year
bear market down trend has come to an end. As Dan Norcini
says, a new bull market in silver has been born. It is difficult to argue
against this contention and I have no intention of doing so. A silver price
above $6.80 would complete a fabulous head-and-shoulders base formation. With
this as a foundation, it would be possible to project a very large rise in
the price of silver for the future." - end
of the December 2003 quotation.
Silver did reach $20.68
in March 2008 at the same time that gold peaked at $1003. The silver to gold
ratio was thus 48.5 in March 2008. The lowest this ratio has reached is about
32, achieved at the end of April 2011 when gold was around $1570 and silver
peaked in the $49 area. At that point gold had experienced a 6-fold increase
from its bull market starting point of $255 while the silver price rose
12-fold from its bull market starting point of $4 in November 2001.
The quick answer to the
question of what the silver price will be when gold gets to $4,500 is to pick
your favorite silver/gold ratio and divide it into $4500. The current ratio
incidentally is about 51. If you choose the lowest ratio achieved since 2001
of 32 that would produce a silver price of around $140 ($4500 divided by 32).
This is not a
satisfactory answer, so I decided to approach the Elliott Wave analysis of
silver from a different angle. Instead of working upwards using the analysis
of the minor waves, which was the technique used in the gold calculations,
what if we worked backwards in silver starting with the larger waves?
Gold and silver tend to
move in tandem, not in an exact synchronization, but enough to suggest that
the Major waves of both metals should coincide from a time perspective. We know
that in gold the Major ONE wave peaked in March 2008 at $1003 and that Major
TWO declined to $680 in November 2008.
Silver also had a peak in
March 2008 at $20.68 and declined to an important low of $8.77 in November
2008. If we assumed that the peak at $20.68 in March 2008 was the end of
Major ONE and the decline to $8.77 the end of Major TWO, how would the
various percentages work out? When I did these calculations I was astonished
at the relationships and wave counts that emerged.
The chart below is the
monthly spot silver price shown in log scale so that the percentage changes
are visible. The bull market started in November 2001 at a price of $4.02.
From that point to the suggested peak of Major ONE at $20.68 there are five
clear waves visible, marked 1-2-3-4-5. The prices at the various turning
points are also displayed.
The analysis of the
suggested Major ONE wave is set out in the body of the chart. The typical
impulse wave relationships are immediately apparent. Both corrective waves 2
and 4 are similar (-33.7% and -35.9%). Whenever two corrective waves are
similar it is a signal that they are part of the same larger wave structure.
On its own, this fact would confirm that the 5 wave move from $4.02 to $20.68
was a complete wave of larger degree.
There is further corroborating
evidence. Waves 1 and 5 are similar at +106% and +115%, a usual EW feature.
Wave 3 should be the longest wave, and it is at +171%. In addition, if one
multiplies the gain in wave 1 of +106% by 1.618 it produces 171.5%, exactly
the gain in wave 3. These relationships are evidence that the rise from $4.02
to $20.68 is a completed impulse wave and that we can call it Major ONE.
Having completed this 5
wave up move, the next correction in Major TWO would be expected to be one
degree larger than the two corrections of 33.7% and 35.9% in Major ONE. As
shown on the chart, Major TWO declined from $20.68 to $8.77, a loss of
-57.6%. The two corrections of 33.7% and 35.9% are close to the Fibonacci 34.
The next higher number in the sequence is 55, close to the actual decline of
57.6% in major TWO. Incidentally, if we take the 35.9% decline and multiply
it by 1.618, it gives a figure of 58%, very close to the actual decline of
suggest that silver has completed the same shaped bull market as gold has and
that it is at the same stage in its development. Thus silver has probably
also completed the first intermediate up wave of Major THREE, in this case
from $8.77 to $49.52, a gain of +$40.75 or +464% and has also completed
intermediate wave 2 of Major THREE, being the decline from $49.52 to $26.39
How does this decline of
-47% measure up in terms of EW relationships? As with gold, where the
corrections in Major THREE were shown to be larger than the corrections in
Major ONE, the same applies to silver. The corrections in Major ONE shown in
the chart above were close to -34%. If we multiply 34% by another Fibonacci
relationship of 1.382 we get 47%!
This is mind-blowing
stuff for an analyst who did not believe that EW applied to silver!
We can now attempt to
make some price forecasts. Silver, as with gold, is starting intermediate
wave 3 of Major THREE, which should be the longest and strongest wave in the
bull market. It should certainly be longer than intermediate wave 1 which was
the gain from $8.77 to $49.52, or +464%, as shown above.
Thus the gain in wave 3
of Major THREE should be larger than +464%. It should be a gain of at least
500%. Starting from the $26.39 low, a gain of 500% would produce a target
price of $158.34 for silver. That is the number which equates with the $4500
price forecast for gold and produces a silver to gold ratio of 28.4 ($4500
divided by 158.34).
The gain in gold was
forecast to be 200% for this move while the forecast rise in the silver price
is 500%. Silver is again predicted to perform better than gold based on these
A word of caution is
appropriate at this stage. All EW studies are based on probabilities. While
the wave counts may provide a high degree of confidence in the forecasts, one
cannot be 100% certain of any forecast. It is necessary to have a point at
which it is obvious that the forecasts are wrong. In the case of this silver
study, the line in the sand is at $26.00. If the silver price drops below
$26.00 the odds are that the above calculations will not work out.
A further word of
caution: silver is not for the faint hearted. Silver is considerably more
volatile than gold and the corrections are much larger. Silver corrections
can and do happen quickly. They are emotionally gut-wrenching and it is easy
to get shaken out of one's position near the bottom of a large correction.
1 February 2012
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Disclosure and Disclaimer Statement: The author advises that he is not a disinterested
party in that he has personal investments gold and silver bullion, gold and
silver mining shares as well as in base metal and uranium mining companies.
The author's objective in writing this article is to interest potential
investors in this subject to the point where they are encouraged to conduct
their own further diligent research. Neither the information nor the opinions
expressed should be construed as a solicitation to buy or sell any stock,
currency or commodity. Investors are recommended to obtain the advice of a
qualified investment advisor before entering into any transactions. The
author has neither been paid nor received any other inducement to write this