Western Copper Announces Updated Pre-Feasibility Study on Casino Project
Published : April 07, 2011

8.3 million ounces of gold and 4.4 billion pounds of copper plus molybdenum and silver in reserve

Gold production increased to 435,000 ounces per year for the first 4 years

After-Tax IRR 16.2% at long term metal prices

After-Tax NPV (8%) $1.0 billion at long term metal prices

Throughput increased to 120,000 tpd

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VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwire - April 7, 2011) - Western Copper Corporation ("Western Copper" or the "Company") (News - Market indicators)(NYSE Amex:WRN) is pleased to release the results of an updated pre-feasibility study on its wholly-owned Casino copper-gold-molybdenum deposit in the Yukon. This study recommends that the project be built as an open pit mine and a mill processing 120,000 tonnes per day ("tpd") producing an average of 435,000 ounces of gold, 234 million pounds of copper, 13 million pounds of molybdenum, and 1.6 million ounces of silver per year over the first four years of production.

The study is a major update from the one released by Western Copper in June 2008. The new study incorporates the updated resource announced in November 2010, a 33% increase in throughput to 120,000 tpd, the use of natural gas as a power source, and improved gold recoveries. These modifications are significant factors to the study indicating an after-tax net present value ("NPV") of $1.0 billion using a discount rate of 8% and an after-tax internal rate of return ("IRR") of 16.2%.

"We are extremely pleased with the results of the new Casino study", said Dale Corman, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, "This pre-feasibility study shows that the project can be built and operated with excellent returns based on conservative metal prices. When you combine the current financial results with the massive resource expansion not included in the reserve, Casino is at the forefront of a handful of large, long-life copper-gold porphyries in the world. The Yukon is a mining friendly jurisdiction and we look forward to continuing to advance this project forward."


Initial Capital Investment $2.13 billion
Payback period* 3.3 years
IRR pre-tax* (100% equity) 19.6%
IRR after-tax* (100% equity) 16.2%
NPV pre-tax* (8% discount) $1.6 billion
NPV after-tax* (8% discount) $1.0 billion
Mill operation 23 years
Heap leach operation 7 years
Total Reserve 1,057 million tonnes
Mill throughput 120,000 tonnes per day
*Based on Long Term metal prices.


The pre-feasibility study indicates that the economic returns from the project justify further development of the Casino project – development of a full feasibility study and securing the required permits and licenses for operation.

The financial results of the study were developed under three different metal price scenarios. Long term prices ("Long Term") were based on typical analyst projections of long metal prices and $CAN:$US exchange rates, and adjusted to the current study's $CAN:$US exchange rate of 1.0. SEC prices ("SEC") use LME three-year historical rolling average prices as of the end of March 2011. This approach is consistent with the guidance of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Spot prices ("Spot") are based on spot prices from March 31, 2011.

The following table summarizes the financial results from using three metal price scenarios:

  Long Term SEC Spot
Copper (US$/lb) 2.78 3.04 4.30
Molybdenum (US$/lb) 15.56 17.58 17.25
Gold (US$/oz) 1,222.22 1,061.34 1,439.00
Silver (US$/oz) 18.89 17.80 37.87
Exchange Rate (C$:US$) 1.0 1.0 1.0
IRR pre-tax (100% equity) 19.6% 19.8% 32.2%
NPV pre-tax (5% discount, $millions) 2,569 2,704 5,860
NPV pre-tax (8% discount, $millions) 1,566 1,647 3,927
IRR after-tax (100% equity) 16.2% 16.4% 26.8%
NPV after-tax (5% discount, $millions) 1,698 1,791 4,004
NPV after-tax (8% discount, $millions) 963 1,018 2,621
Payback period (years) 3.3 3.3 2.1
Net Smelter Return ($/t milled) 19.33 19.80 26.84
Copper Cash Cost* (US$/lb) 0.06 0.21 (0.49)
*Net of byproduct credits.

Higher grade ore is fed to the concentrator during the first four years of the concentrator operation. This, combined with the concurrent heap leach facility operation, results in higher yearly cash flows and other metrics during this period and contributes significantly to the project's financial performance.

  Years 1-4 Life of Mine
Average Annual Pre-tax Cash Flow ($millions) 623 322
Average Annual After-tax Cash Flow ($millions) 567 250
Average NSR ($/t ore milled) 26.84 19.33
% of Revenue - Copper 46% 45%
% of Revenue - Gold 39% 35%
% of Revenue - Silver 2% 2%
% of Revenue - Molybdenum 13% 18%

Further sensitivity analyses may be found in the pre-feasibility study executive summary.


Total initial capital investment in the project is estimated to be $2.13 billion, which represents the total direct and indirect cost for the complete development of the project, including associated infrastructure and power plant. The following table shows how the initial capital is distributed between the various components. Sustaining capital for the project is $575 million.

Mine Capital (Mine, Mill, Heap Leach, etc.) $1,750
Power Capital (Power Plant, LNG Facility) $260
Infrastructure Capital (Road, Port Upgrade, Airstrip) $120
Total Initial Capital $2,130

Mining and milling operating costs were calculated to average $9.70/tonne of ore processed over the life of mine and heap leach operating costs were calculated to average $2.96/tonne of ore leached over the life of mine.

Mining $3.10
Milling $6.15
Pyrite CIL $0.09
General & Administrative $0.36
Total $9.70


The November 2010 resource estimate was used unmodified for this pre-feasibility study.

The pre-feasibility study estimates a NI 43-101 compliant proven and probable mill ore reserve of 976 million tonnes and a proven and probable heap leach ore reserve of 82 million tonnes as outlined below. Total contained metal in the combined proven & probable reserve is equal to 4.4 billion pounds of copper, 8.3 million ounces of gold, 490 million pounds of molybdenum, and 61 million ounces of silver.

  Tonnes Copper Gold Moly Silver
  (millions) (%) (g/t) (%) (g/t)
Mill Ore Reserve          
  Proven Mineral Reserve 91 0.337 0.438 0.0276 2.23
  Probable Mineral Reserve 885 0.189 0.217 0.0225 1.68
    Total Proven & Probable (Mill) 976 0.202 0.238 0.0229 1.73
Heap Leach Reserve          
  Proven Mineral Reserve 30 0.052 0.494 n.a. 2.88
  Probable Mineral Reserve 52 0.035 0.299 n.a. 2.37
    Total Proven & Probable (Heap) 82 0.041 0.370 n.a. 2.55


The pre-feasibility study evaluates the development of the Casino deposit as a conventional, electrified truck-shovel open pit mine. The initial development will focus on the deposit's oxide cap as a heap leach operation to recover gold and silver in dore form. The main sulphide deposit will be processed using a conventional concentrator to produce copper-gold and molybdenum concentrates. Additionally, a pyrite rich stream from the concentrator will be leached in a CIL circuit for recovery of gold and silver. Key metrics of the processing plant are shown below:

  Years 1-4 Life of Mine
Strip ratio 0.51 0.72
Average Annual Metal Production    
  Copper (Mlbs) 234 157
  Gold (kozs) 435 262
  Silver (kozs) 1,558 1,369
  Molybdenum (Mlbs) 13 12
Average Annual Mill Feed Grade    
  Copper (%) 0.310% 0.202%
  Gold (g/t) 0.377 0.238
  Silver (g/t) 2.113 1.727
  Molybdenum (%) 0.025% 0.023%
Recovery (Mill)    
  Copper (%) 82.7% 82.1%
  Gold* (%) 76.0% 76.0%
  Silver (%) 50.0% 50.0%
  Molybdenum (%) 57.0% 57.0%
Recovery (Heap)    
  Gold (%) 50.0% 50.0%
  Copper (%) 20.0% 20.0%
  Silver (%) 20.0% 20.0%
Annual Concentrate Production    
  Cu (dry ktonnes) 375 252
  Mo (dry ktonnes) 11 10
Average Concentrate Grade    
  Cu (%) 28.0% 28.0%
  Au (g/t) 27.2 26.5
  Ag (g/t) 115.6 145.6
  Mo (%) 56.0% 56.0%
   *Includes gold recovery from pyrite CIL    


The pre-feasibility study recommends that power be provided by a natural gas power plant, and that the natural gas be supplied to the plant by transport of liquefied natural gas ("LNG"). The study assumes that LNG is sourced from the Kitimat LNG facility scheduled to begin shipping LNG in 2015.

Transportation of concentrate and material will require extending the existing Freegold Road to the east of the mine. Concentrates will be stored and loaded on ships via upgraded facilities provided by the Port of Skagway, Alaska. The project operating cost estimate includes the anticipated concentrate handling service charges based on use of the upgraded facilities.


The economics of the pre-feasibility study do not take into account opportunities for improvement based on:

  • Inclusion of the 1.7 billion tonnes* of inferred material into the reserve
  • Increased metallurgical performance
  • Third party ownership/operation of the power plant
  • Shared costs on the Freegold Road extension

*See Western Copper news release dated November 1, 2010


Based on the positive results of the Casino Pre-feasibility Study, Western Copper will begin preparations to initiate a full feasibility study.

Western Copper is working towards submitting its application for environmental assessment under the Yukon Environmental and Socioeconomic Assessment Act ("YESAA"), the first permit required to bring the Casino project into operation.


Western Copper Corporation will hold a conference call on Friday, April 8, 2011 at 10 am Pacific Time (1 pm Eastern Time) to discuss the Casino Pre-Feasibility Study Report. To access the conference call, please dial:

Canada & USA Toll Free:  1-888-231-8191
Outside of Canada & USA: 1-647-427-7450

An archived recording of the conference call will be available on the Company's website at www.westerncoppercorp.com.


M3, a full service Engineering, Procurement, Construction & Management firm, is recognized for its experience in copper processing and capabilities in the development and construction of mines and mineral processing plants. The executive summary of the M3 pre-feasibility study will be posted on the Company's website (www.westerncoppercorp.com) as well as Sedar and Edgar within 45 days.

Conrad Huss, P.E. of M3 is the qualified person responsible for the scientific and technical information in this news release in accordance with NI 43-101. Michael G. Hester, FAusIMM of IMC is the qualified person responsible for the preparation of the reserve estimate in this news release in accordance with NI 43-101.

The following companies also contributed to the pre-feasibility study:

  • Knight Piesold and Co.: water supply, geotechnical, tailings management facility and heap leach
  • Associated Engineering Group Ltd.: offsite roads, transportation and ports
  • Kerr Wood Leidal Associates Ltd: power generation
  • AECOM: environmental and permitting
  • Independent Mining Consultants Inc.: mining and reserves
  • G&T Metallurgical Services Ltd., SGS Minerals Services, Metcon Research: metallurgical test work
  • Giroux and Casselman: geology and resources


Western Copper is a Vancouver based exploration and development company with significant copper, gold and molybdenum resources and reserves. The Company has 100% ownership of four Canadian properties. The two most advanced projects are the Casino Project and the Carmacks Copper Project both located in the Yukon. The Casino Project is one of the world's largest open-pittable gold, copper, silver and molybdenum deposits. For more information, visit www.westerncoppercorp.com.

On behalf of the board,

F. Dale Corman, Chairman & CEO

Cautionary Disclaimer Regarding Forward-Looking Statements and Information

Certain of the statements and information in this press release constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities laws. Forward-looking statements and information generally express predictions, expectations, beliefs, plans, projections, or assumptions of future events or performance and do not constitute historical fact. Forward-looking statements and information tend to include words such as "may," "expects," "anticipates," "believes," "targets," "forecasts," "schedules," "goals," "budgets," or similar terminology. Forward-looking statements and information include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to the future price of metals; the estimation of mineral reserves and resources; the timing and amount of any estimated future production, costs of production, and capital expenditures; success of exploration activities; and permitting time lines, currency fluctuations, requirements for additional capital, government regulation of mineral exploration or mining operations, environmental risks, and unanticipated reclamation expenses. Forward-looking statements and information are inherently subject to significant business, economic, and competitive uncertainties and contingencies and are subject to important risk factors and uncertainties, both known and unknown, that are beyond Western Copper's ability to control or predict. Actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements and information. Examples of potential risks are set forth in Western Copper's annual report most recently filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Canadian Securities Administrators as of the date of this press release. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements or information.

Western Copper Corporation
Paul West-Sells
President & COO
Western Copper Corporation
Julie Kim
Manager Corporate Communications & Investor Relations
604.669.2926 (FAX)
Data and Statistics for these countries : Canada | All
Gold and Silver Prices for these countries : Canada | All

Western Copper and Gold Corp.

ISIN : CA95805V1085
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Western Copper and Gold is a copper development stage company based in Canada.

Western Copper and Gold develops copper, gold, molybdenum and silver in Canada, and holds various exploration projects in Mexico.

Its main assets in development are CASINO and CARMACKS in Canada and its main exploration properties are HUSHAMU (ISLAND COPPER) and REDSTONE - LUMINA in Canada and SIERRA ALMOLOYA in Mexico.

Western Copper and Gold is listed in Canada and in United States of America. Its market capitalisation is CA$ 191.1 millions as of today (US$ 152.8 millions, € 133.9 millions).

Its stock quote reached its lowest recent point on March 06, 2009 at CA$ 0.24, and its highest recent level on January 21, 2011 at CA$ 4.40.

Western Copper and Gold has 95 090 000 shares outstanding.

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Annual reports of Western Copper and Gold Corp.
2008 Annual report
Financings of Western Copper and Gold Corp.
12/12/2012and Gold's warrants to expire
10/5/2012and Gold Closes Private Placement of Flow-through Common ...
11/27/2009 Flow-through Financing
7/13/2009Closes C$4 Million Flow-Through Financing And Commences Expl...
Nominations of Western Copper and Gold Corp.
Financials of Western Copper and Gold Corp.
3/25/2013and Gold Reports 2012 Financial Results
Project news of Western Copper and Gold Corp.
5/17/2011(Casino)Files Casino Pre-Feasibility Study Technical Report
4/7/2011(Casino)Announces Updated Pre-Feasibility Study on Casino Project
3/29/2011(Carmacks)Provides Update on Carmacks
2/25/2011(Carmacks)Comments on Carmacks Water License Appeal Rulin
5/13/2010(Carmacks)Provides Detail on Carmacks Water Use Licence
5/11/2010(Carmacks)Carmacks Project Water Use Licence Decision
2/20/2009(Carmacks)Update on Carmacks Copper Project
5/20/2008The Carmacks Copper Project advances in the permitting proce...
2/29/2008(Carmacks)Yesab responds to public comments on the Carmacks Copper Pro...
5/22/2007(Carmacks)2007 Technical report
Corporate news of Western Copper and Gold Corp.
3/28/2016Western Copper and Gold Provides Casino Update and Reports Y...
4/15/2015Western Copper and Gold to Attend the European Gold Forum in...
3/30/2015Western Copper and Gold Provides Casino Update and Reports Y...
3/30/2015(Casino)and Gold Provides Casino Update and Reports Year-End Results
2/26/2015Yukon Ranks 1st in Mineral Potential and 9th Overall in the ...
11/28/2014Western Copper And Gold Announces Restart Of Environmental R...
10/22/2014Western Copper and Gold Announces Changes to Board of Direct...
9/9/2014Western Copper and Gold Announces Operating Strategy for Cas...
8/25/2014Western Copper and Gold Selects M3 as EPCM Contractor and Pr...
6/25/2014Western Copper and Gold Announces AGM Results
6/3/2014Western Copper and Gold and Little Salmon/Carmacks First Nat...
5/15/2014Siemens and Western Copper & Gold Corp. Sign MoU for Electri...
3/24/2014Western Copper And Gold Files Year-End Financial Reports
9/17/2013(Casino)and Gold Provides Update on Casino
6/21/2013and Gold Announces AGM Results
6/14/2013and Gold's Annual General Meeting
4/25/2013and Gold Adopts Shareholder Rights Plan and Advance Notice P...
4/8/2013(Casino)and Gold's Casino Project to Have Significant Impact on Yuko...
2/13/2013and Gold files feasibility study
10/3/2011shareholders approve spin-out of Copper North Mining Corp. a...
8/19/2011Enters Into Arrangement Agreement to Spin Out Assets to Shar...
8/11/2011to Ring the Opening Bell at the New York Stock Exchange
6/23/2011Announces Intention to Spin Out Assets to Shareholders
2/8/2011to Trade on the NYSE Amex
3/27/2010New Director and Change to Management Team
9/22/2009Board of Directors Changes
7/21/2008YESAB Recommends That the Carmacks Copper Project Proceeds
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