Close X Cookies are necessary for the proper functioning of 24hGold.com. By continuing your navigation on our website, you are accepting the use of cookies.
To learn more about cookies ...
EnglishFrench
Gold & Silver Prices in
In the same category

La Fête Nationale

IMG Auteur
From the Archives : Originally published July 14th, 2013
840 words - Reading time : 2 - 3 minutes
( 2 votes, 5/5 )
Print article
  Article Comments Comment this article Rating All Articles  
0
Send
0
comment
Our Newsletter...
FOLLOW : Freedom
Category : Fundamental

 

 

 

 

"The longer we dwell on our misfortunes the greater is their power to harm us."

Voltaire











The representatives of the French people, organized as a National Assembly, believing that the ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole cause of public calamities and of the corruption of governments, have determined to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, unalienable, and sacred rights of man, in order that this declaration, being constantly before all the members of the Social body, shall remind them continually of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, as well as those of the executive power, may be compared at any moment with the objects and purposes of all political institutions and may thus be more respected, and, lastly, in order that the grievances of the citizens, based hereafter upon simple and incontestable principles, shall tend to the maintenance of the constitution and redound to the happiness of all. Therefore the National Assembly recognizes and proclaims, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and of the citizen:

Articles:


1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good.

2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.

3. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.

4. Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law.

5. Law can only prohibit such actions as are hurtful to society. Nothing may be prevented which is not forbidden by law, and no one may be forced to do anything not provided for by law.

6. Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.

7. No person shall be accused, arrested, or imprisoned except in the cases and according to the forms prescribed by law. Any one soliciting, transmitting, executing, or causing to be executed, any arbitrary order, shall be punished. But any citizen summoned or arrested in virtue of the law shall submit without delay, as resistance constitutes an offense.

8. The law shall provide for such punishments only as are strictly and obviously necessary, and no one shall suffer punishment except it be legally inflicted in virtue of a law passed and promulgated before the commission of the offense.

9. As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty, if arrest shall be deemed indispensable, all harshness not essential to the securing of the prisoner's person shall be severely repressed by law.

10. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his religious views, provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law.

11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.

12. The security of the rights of man and of the citizen requires public military forces. These forces are, therefore, established for the good of all and not for the personal advantage of those to whom they shall be intrusted.

13. A common contribution is essential for the maintenance of the public forces and for the cost of administration. This should be equitably distributed among all the citizens in proportion to their means.

14. All the citizens have a right to decide, either personally or by their representatives, as to the necessity of the public contribution; to grant this freely; to know to what uses it is put; and to fix the proportion, the mode of assessment and of collection and the duration of the taxes.

15. Society has the right to require of every public agent an account of his administration.

16. A society in which the observance of the law is not assured, nor the separation of powers defined, has no constitution at all.

17. Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified.

 

 



<< Previous article
Rate : Average note :5 (2 votes)
>> Next article
Comment this article
>Follow all commentairies
You must be logged in to comment an article8000 characters max.
Log in or Sign up
Latest comment posted for this article
Be the first to comment
Add your comment
Top articles
Latest Comments
Meow
21 JulDoom1
>>For all his blunders and stumbles...<< To be fair, all presidents blunder and stumble like this. This is just the first in a long while ...
The Gold Industry is in a Deep State of Dysfunction, Delusion and D...
21 Julkevthorne
Just hold on to it - you will win. A cautionary tale: I wish, back in the early 90's, when I took out a pension - it was "cast iron, copper...
The Gold Industry is in a Deep State of Dysfunction, Delusion and D...
20 JulDRGEORGE
Yep, hard to argue with any of that. But this poor, disillusioned, confused, swindled, isolated, powerless, 'smart'(HUH) precious metal owner has n...
This Feels Like the Action in 2008 Right Before the Collapse - Dave...
18 JulThe Recusant
Will we witness a battle-royale between the CBs and traders shortly?
Guess What Happens In States Where Food Stamp Recipients Have To Work
18 JulThe Recusant1
As a left-leaning independent, community service seems like a great idea as a prerequisite for food stamps for single childless recipients. But, as...
Watch: Trump Was Hammering CNN In 1990 For Fake News: “When People ...
18 JulThe Recusant
Yes, there is sensationalism in today's news media. On a sliding scale, however, the news media is far more honest than ANYTHING the Trump administ...
Guess What Happens In States Where Food Stamp Recipients Have To Work
18 Julkevthorne2
Then, how about making the banksters do some real, productive work in return for the taxpayer funded bailouts they received - like rebuilding worn-...
Holy Hell
17 Julaccording
good one. where have you been hiding?
Most commented articlesFavoritesMore...
World PM Newsflow
ALL
GOLD
SILVER
PGM & DIAMONDS
OIL & GAS
OTHER METALS