AQM Copper Releases Positive Preliminary Economic Assessment for the Zafranal Copper Gold Project
Published : December 11, 2012
( 0 vote, 0/5 ) Print article
  Article Comments Comment this article Rating Follow Company  
Keywords :   Canada | Capital Markets | Copper | Diamond | Gold | Market | Peru | Recovery | Report | Sac | Water |

VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwire - Dec. 11, 2012) - AQM Copper Inc. (News - Market indicators)(BVL:AQM) ("AQM" or the "Company") is pleased to announce the completion of a positive, independent Preliminary Economic Assessment ("PEA") of the Company's Zafranal Project located in the Southern Peru Porphyry Copper Belt. Using long-term forecasted copper and gold prices of US$3.00/lb and US$1,274/oz respectively; the Project is projected to yield the following financial results:

Summary of Financial Results 1
Description Pre-tax Post-tax2
Initial Capital Cost (US$ million) 1,520 1,520
Net Cash Flow (US$ million) 3,192 1,814
Net Present Value at 5% discount rate (US$ million) 1,852 927
Net Present Value at 8% discount rate (US$ million) 1,332 588
Net Present Value at 10% discount rate (US$ million) 1,062 414
Payback (years)3 1.9 2.6
Internal Rate of Return (%) 26.7 17.4
1 Valuation based on 100% Project and 100% Equity
2 Includes mining royalty, special mining tax, corporate income tax and workers' profit sharing
3 From the start of concentrator operations

The PEA was completed by Tetra Tech WEI Inc., ("Tetra Tech"), and contains production parameters, capital costs, operating costs, pre-tax and post-tax financial projections for an open pit mine processing 80,000 t/d of mill feed and a leach operation based on the treatment of approximately 20,000 t/d of oxide and secondary sulphide material. The reader should be aware that the preliminary economic assessment is preliminary in nature, and includes inferred mineral resources that are considered too speculative geologically to have the economic considerations applied to them that would enable them to be categorized as mineral reserves. The reader should also be aware that there is no certainty that the results forecast in the preliminary economic assessment will be realized. Mineral resources are not mineral reserves and do not have demonstrated economic viability.


  • Measured and Indicated Resource is 557.2 Mt grading 0.36% Cu and 0.07 g/t Au.
  • The portion of the reported resource within an economic pit shell ("in-pit mineral resource") suitable as feed to a concentrator totals 425.3 Mt grading 0.38%Cu and 0.07 g/t Au, and contains 3.5 billion pounds of copper and 977,000 ounces of gold.
  • The in-pit mineral resource suitable as feed to a leach facility totals 87.3 Mt grading 0.23%Cu and containing 443 million pounds of copper.
  • Conventional open pit with mine life of approximately 15 years with a strip ratio of 1.06.
  • Conventional porphyry copper concentrator rated at nominal 80,000 t/d throughput. 
  • Thickened tailings disposal in a natural basin approximately 10 km downhill from the plant site.
  • Permanent heap leach pad and solvent extraction and electrowinning (SX-EW) plant designed to produce a nominal 10,000 t/a of high quality copper cathodes from oxide and secondary sulphide feed material.
  • Project development scenario considers fresh water supply from a desalination plant on the coast; however, the Company is actively talking with authorities and local communities to find alternative arrangements that would provide benefits for the communities in exchange for the use of local water sources by the Project.
  • The Zafranal Property lies outside areas of agricultural activity and there are no communities located on the Property.
  • AQM has undertaken an extensive stakeholder relations program in an effort to fully consult with local communities and regional authorities, address their concerns and reduce or mitigate the potential political and social risks that could affect the Project.
  • Additional exploration targets have been identified and drilling is planned for the second quarter of 2013.

Bruce Turner, President and Chief Executive Officer of AQM states, "We are very pleased with the PEA for the Zafranal Project, as it indicates the economic viability of the Project in a jurisdiction favourable to mining. In the preparation of the PEA, we did not find any serious flaws in the selected development scenario or any significant technical challenges in the proposed design and construction of the facilities. We did identify alternative approaches that could significantly enhance the feasibility of the Project´s development including a smaller, less capital-intensive project focused on the higher-grade supergene zone, and the elimination of the desalination option for water supply, which represents $275M in capital cost and $20M per year in operating costs. These alternatives and other opportunities will be fully explored in the next stage of engineering, which is already underway. Our in-depth knowledge of the geology and mineralization on the Property has also led us to identify other anomalous zones and these will be explored in our 2013 field program that is currently being permitted."



  • The Zafranal Project is located in southern Peru about 150 km by road (90 km straight-line distance) northwest of the city of Arequipa, 80 km from tidewater and approximately 150 km by road from the Port of Matarani.
  • The regional climate is dry, with average temperatures ranging between 12°C in winter and 28°C in summer. The elevation of the Project ranges from 2,400 to 3,000 meters above sea level. Precipitation is scarce and agriculture is generally possible only in river valleys with accessible irrigation.


  • The occurrence of mineralized porphyries is structurally controlled by a northwest trending series of strike-slip faults belonging to the Incapuquio fault system, and regional east-west trending structures. The intersections of these two fault systems appear to be the main mineralization control on the Property.
  • Additional exploration targets have been explored along both main structural trends, with new geophysical and geochemical anomalies found on several of them. The Ganchos anomaly that lies 3 km to the south of the Main Zone has a surface mapped alteration zone measuring approximately 1,000 m by 500 m. Drilling is planned on these targets in 2013 to confirm the presence of additional mineralization.


  • The Mineral Resource was calculated using ordinary kriging on 78,000 samples from 134,000 m of drilling that resulted from 399 Diamond and reverse circulation drill holes.
  • The resource considered mineralized material greater than 0.2% Cu from four deposits on the Property: Main Zone, Victoria, Sicera Norte and Sicera Sur.
  • Measured and Indicated Resource at a 0.2% Cu cut-off is 557.2 Mt grading 0.36% Cu and 0.07 g/t Au.
  • Inferred Resource is 57.3 million tonnes grading 0.27% Cu and 0.03 g/t Au.
  • The Measured and Indicated Resource for the Main Zone at a 0.3% Cu cut-off is 210.7 Mt grading 0.55% Cu and 0.09 g/t Au.


  • An in-pit mineral resource suitable as feed to a concentrator was identified in the Main Zone and Victoria porphyries totalling 425.3 Mt grading 0.38% Cu and 0.07 g/t Au, containing 3.5 billion pounds of copper and 977,000 ounces of gold.
  • An in-pit mineral resource suitable as feed to a leach facility was identified in the Main Zone and Victoria porphyries totalling 87.3 Mt grading 0.23% Cu, containing 443 million pounds of copper.
  • The in-pit mineral resources identified are amenable to open pit mining, generating two contiguous pits with a combined strike length of 3.4 km, an average width of 700 m, and a maximum depth of 555 m.
  • Strip ratio (including pre-production tonnage) is equal to 1.06 t of waste to 1.0 t of mineralized material.
  • Pre-production stripping of 117 Mt will be required to ensure sufficient mineral exposure prior to production.
  • Conventional open pit with mine life of approximately 15 years.
  • Pit slope design yielded an average overall slope angle of 41.5° for both pits.
  • Peak daily movement reaches 215,000 t/d of material.


  • The proposed flotation feed does not present any significant technical difficulties for beneficiation and the Zafranal mill facility will resemble other concentrators processing typical copper porphyry mineralization.
  • Copper and gold recoveries are estimated to be 87.7% and 49%, respectively.
  • Copper concentrate grade is expected to average 28% Cu and contain an average of 3 g/t of gold. A total of 5,031,000 dmt of concentrate will be produced over the life of the Project.
  • No deleterious elements in any significant concentration were found in the copper concentrate produced from the test work, and all the impurity elements were found to be below smelter penalty limits.


  • A permanent heap leach pad and SX-EW plant have been designed to produce a nominal 10,000 t/a of high quality copper cathodes from oxide and secondary sulphide feed material grading in the range of 0.15 to 0.5% Cu, with an average grade of 0.23% total copper.
  • The overall copper recovery is estimated to be 60% of total copper over a 541-day leach and wash cycle.


  • The main access to the site will be via a new/upgraded 65 km paved road from the plant site to Pedregal de Majes on the Pan American Highway.
  • Product will be transported approximately 150 km from the plant site to the Port of Matarani via truck. An alternative truck/rail system for transporting concentrate will be studied in the next phase of engineering design.
  • A new 38 km gravel topped access road will also be constructed from Corire to the plant site for transporting personnel and supplies.


  • Fresh water supply for the Project, as considered for this PEA, is from a desalination plant on the Pacific Coast, approximately 115 km from the plant site.
  • The Company is actively talking with authorities and local communities to find alternative sources of water that would provide benefits for the local communities in exchange for the use of local water sources by the Project.


  • The power delivery and site power distribution systems are based on a total installed power requirement of 140 MW and the peak demand of 135 MW.
  • Power will be delivered from the 220 kV Socabaya Substation located in Arequipa and will require the installation of an approximately 120 km transmission line to a new 220 kV substation adjacent to the proposed concentrator.


  • Environmental and social baseline studies for the Project have been conducted to compile a Semi-Detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (EIAsd) in order to obtain environmental certifications and permits for the exploration programs of the Project. A second modification to the EIAsd has been filed for the 2013 exploration campaign on the Property.
  • Formal baseline studies for the Project will commence in the next phase of engineering and these will form the basis of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the Project. 
  • A number of potential environmental impacts associated with the Project have been identified. However, the Company believes that proper design and operation of the planned facilities will mitigate or eliminate these impacts.


  • The initial capital cost for the Project is estimated at US$1,519.7 million with an expected accuracy range of ±35%.
  • The capital cost summary and its distribution by area is shown below:
  Labour Manhour Labour Cost Material Cost Construction Equipment Cost Mechanical Equipment Cost Total Cost (USD)
1 - Direct Costs              
  15 Open Pit Mining   3,264,828 33,853,935 89,652,778 34,082,832 210,099,771 367,689,316
  20 Process Plant   2,265,690 19,575,564 57,581,043 16,054,396 147,783,856 240,994,860
  21 Leach area   182,393 1,575,876 13,239,939 3,705,163 18,578,436 37,099,415
  30 Tailings and Water Management   25,932 224,049 49,318,009 164,128 5,402,184 55,108,370
  35 Infrastructures   606,387 5,239,184 58,021,637 41,971,267 10,107,649 115,339,737
  40 Fresh Water supply   147,294 1,272,619 61,360,570 20,453,523 121,448,522 204,535,234
  50 Power Supply and Distribution   8,978 77,566 49,675,910 60,725 441,000 50,255,201
  Subtotal 6,501,502 61,818,794 378,849,887 116,492,035 513,861,418 1,071,022,133
2 - Indirect Costs              
  91 Project Indirects   41,760 4,066,099 173,894,873 0 0 177,960,973
  Subtotal 41,760 4,066,099 173,894,873 0 0 177,960,973
3 - Owner's Costs              
  98 Owner's Costs   0 0 67,777,915 0 0 67,777,915
  Subtotal 0 0 67,777,915 0 0 67,777,915
4 - Project Contingency              
  99 Contingencies   0 0 202,912,212 0 0 202,912,212
  Subtotal 0 0 202,912,212 0 0 202,912,212
PEA Total 6,543,262 65,884,893 823,434,887 116,492,035 513,861,418 1,519,673,233


  • The average life of project material tonnages, grades and metal production are shown below:
Description Value
Mine Life (Years) 154
Material Milled/Leached
Total Tonnes to Mill ('000) 425,310
Average Annual Tonnes to Mill ('000) 28,354
Total Tonnes to Leaching ('000) 87,256
Average Annual Tonnes to Leaching ('000) 6,712
Average Grade
Copper (%) - Mill 0.378
Gold (g/t) - Mill 0.071
Copper (%) - Leaching 0.230
Gold (g/t) - Leaching 0.085
Total Production
Copper ('000 lb) - Mill 3,105,452
Gold ('000 oz) - Mill 479
Copper ('000 lb) - Leaching 265,863
Average Annual Production
Copper ('000 lb) - Mill 207,030
Gold ('000 oz) - Mill 32
Copper ('000 lb) - Leaching 20,451
Note: 4Leaching is active for 13 years.  


  • Average life of mine operating cost is estimated to be $8.29/t of plant feed material processed, including mining, re-handling, milling and leaching.
Area Unit Cost (US$/t processed)
Mining 2.56
Milling 4.23
Tailings and Water Management 0.07
G&A 0.49
Leaching 0.94
Total Operating Cost 8.29
  • Average life of mine operating cost is estimated to be $1.26/lb Cu produced from plant feed material processed, including mining, re-handling, milling and leaching as shown below:
Cost Item Unit Unit Cost ($)
Mining $/t mined 1.40
Mining $/t milled 3.08
Milling $/t milled 5.10
Tailings Management $/t milled 0.08
G&A $/t milled 0.60
Subtotal Flotation $/t milled 8.86
Subtotal Leach $/t leached 5.54
Total Flotation & Leach $/t processed 8.29
Subtotal Flotation $/lb Cu Produced 1.21
Subtotal Leach $/lb Cu Produced 1.82
Total Flotation & Leach $/lb Cu Produced 1.26
  • The average C1 cash cost is estimated at $1.14 and $1.49 per payable pound of copper5, for the first five years of production and for the life of mine, respectively (as defined by Wood Mackenzie).

5 Produced pounds of copper net of transport losses and smelter deductions.


  • In addition to the Base Case pre-tax evaluation using a copper price of $3.00/lb, Initial Capital Cost of US$1,520 million and a discount rate of 8%, two alternate case scenarios were developed as a function of varying copper price. The following sensitivity table provides net present value, internal rate of return and payback period for the base case and two alternate case scenarios:
Item Description Alternate Case 1 Base Case Alternate Case 2
Copper Price (US$/lb) 2.70 3.00 3.30
Gold Price (US$/oz) 1,274 1,274 1,274
Net Present Value (US$ million) 814 1,332 1,849
Internal Rate of Return (%) 20.4 26.7 32.5
Payback (years) 2.3 1.9 1.6

Qualified Persons

The NI 43-101 Technical Report is being prepared by an integrated engineering team led by Tetra Tech in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The Technical Report will be filed on SEDAR within 45 days. Further information regarding geology, sampling methods, data verification, QA/QC and assay lab is provided in the NI 43-101 Technical Report dated May 7, 2012, filed on SEDAR at or the Company's website at

The following Qualified Persons have reviewed and approved the technical disclosure contained in this press release:

  • Alvaro Fernandez-Baca, P.Geo., a Consulting Geologist, regarding the contents of this news release on behalf of the Company
  • Gregory Z. Mosher, P.Geo., a Tetra Tech employee, regarding geological setting, deposit types, exploration, drilling data verification and mineral resource estimates
  • Carlos Guzmán, a NCL employee, regarding mining methods and mining capital and operating costs
  • Marinus Andre De Ruijter, P.Eng., a Tetra Tech employee, regarding mineral processing and metallurgical testing, recovery methods and process capital and operating costs
  • Hassan Ghaffari, P.Eng., a Tetra Tech employee, regarding infrastructure, and capital and operating cost estimate
  • Sabry Abdel Hafez, Ph.D., P.Eng., a Tetra Tech employee, regarding the economic analysis
  • Wilson Muir, P.Eng., a Knight Piesold employee, regarding tailings and water management design and TMF capital and operating costs
  • Monica Danon-Schaffer, Ph.D., P.Eng., a Tetra Tech employee, regarding environmental studies and permitting.

On Behalf of the Board


Bruce L. Turner, President and Chief Executive Officer

Forward-Looking Information

This release includes certain statements that may be deemed "forward-looking statements". All statements in this release, other than statements of historical facts, that address events or developments that AQM Copper Inc. (the "Company") expects to occur, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are statements that are not historical facts and are generally, but not always, identified by the words "expects", "plans", "anticipates", "believes", "intends", "estimates", "projects", "potential" and similar expressions, or that events or conditions "will", "would", "may", "could" or "should" occur. Although the Company believes the expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include market prices, exploitation and exploration successes, and continued availability of capital and financing, and general economic, market or business conditions. Investors are cautioned that any such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs, estimates and opinions of the Company's management on the date the statements are made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements in the event that management's beliefs, estimates or opinions, or other factors, should change.

About AQM Copper

AQM Copper Inc. is a Canadian based mineral exploration company exploring and developing copper deposits in South America. Through its wholly owned Peruvian subsidiary, Minera AQM Copper Peru S.A.C., the Company is developing the Zafranal Copper-Gold Porphyry Project located in Southern Peru. Minera AQM Copper Peru S.A.C. is the operator of a 50/50 JV with Teck Resources Limited through a sole purpose Peruvian company formed for Zafranal as announced in its press release on July 8, 2010. Management and directors have extensive experience working for the world's largest mining copper producers. Please refer to the Company's website at, for further information regarding the Company and its projects.


To speak with an Investor Relations representative:
Pinnacle Capital Markets LTD.
Spyros P. Karellas
(416) 433-5696 or (416) 800-8921
Data and Statistics for these countries : Canada | Peru | All
Gold and Silver Prices for these countries : Canada | Peru | All

Aqm Copper Inc.

ISIN : CA00190T1066
Follow and Invest
Add to watch list Add to your portfolio Add or edit a note
Add Alert Add to Watchlists Add to Portfolio Add Note
Projects & res.
Asset profile
Contact Cpy

AQM Copper is a copper exploration company based in Canada.

Its main exploration properties are ANTAKENA in Chile and ZAFRANAL and PACHAGON in Peru.

AQM Copper is listed in Canada. Its market capitalisation is CA$ 32.2 millions as of today (US$ 24.4 millions, € 23.0 millions).

Its stock quote reached its highest recent level on March 07, 2008 at CA$ 1.45, and its lowest recent point on December 18, 2015 at CA$ 0.03.

AQM Copper has 142 990 000 shares outstanding.

Your feedback is appreciated, please leave a comment or rate this article.
Rate : Average note :0 (0 vote) View Top rated
Annual reports of Aqm Copper Inc.
2009 Annual Report
Financings of Aqm Copper Inc.
10/15/2013- Non-Brokered Private Placement
Option Grants of Aqm Copper Inc.
2/10/2015Extends Investor Relations Contract
Nominations of Aqm Copper Inc.
1/3/2013Announces the Resignation of a Director
2/27/2011Announces Resignation of Mr. Ron Simkus, director
Project news of Aqm Copper Inc.
1/18/2013Issues Preliminary Economic Assessment
7/12/2011(Zafranal)Drills 312 Metres of 0.60% Cu and 0.14 g/t Au in the First D...
6/2/2011(Zafranal)Drills 104.3 Metres of 0.35% Cu at Its Sicera Norte Copper P...
4/12/2011(Zafranal)Receives Drilling Permit and Will Shortly Begin Its 2011 Dri...
Corporate news of Aqm Copper Inc.
7/11/2016AQM Copper Files Technical Report for Preliminary Feasibilit...
6/16/2016AQM Copper Inc. Issues Bonus Shares, Grants Options and Defe...
5/24/2016AQM Copper Releases Positive Results from Preliminary Feasib...
7/30/2015AQM Copper Inc. Grants Options and Deferred Share Units
3/10/2015AQM Announces Results From The PFS Drilling Program
3/10/2015Announces Results From the PFS Drilling Program
2/17/2015AQM Copper Inc. Extends Investor Relations Contract
2/10/2015AQM Copper Inc. Extends Investor Relations Contract
12/24/2014AQM Copper Inc. Announces Change of Auditor
12/11/2014AQM Copper Inc. Issues Bonus Shares Pursuant to Its Stock Op...
10/15/2014AQM Announces the Start of the Zafranal Pre-Feasibility Stud...
7/31/2014AQM Copper Inc. Grants Options
7/24/2014AQM Copper Inc. Grants Options
7/2/2014AQM Copper Inc.: Joint Venture Partners Approve Start of Zaf...
5/1/2014AQM Copper Inc. Announces Appointment of Mr. David W. Peat t...
9/12/2013(Zafranal)Releases Updated Preliminary Economic Assessment for the Zaf...
8/16/2013(Zafranal)Announces Completion of Mitsubishi Materials Investment in Z...
7/2/2013(Zafranal)Announces Mitsubishi Materials Investment in Zafranal
5/17/2013Announces Adoption of Advance Notice Policy
12/11/2012(Zafranal)Releases Positive Preliminary Economic Assessment for the Za...
6/22/2011Drills 231.7 Metres of 0.28% Cu at its Sicera Norte Copper P...
Comments closed
Latest comment posted for this article
Be the first to comment
Add your comment
CA$ 0.225
01/16 11:51 -0.010
Prev close Open
0.230 0.225
Low High
0.225 0.225
Year l/h YTD var.
 -  -
52 week l/h 52 week var.
- -  0.225 -2.17%
Volume 1 month var.
51,500 -2.17%
24hGold TrendPower© : 24
Explores for Copper - Gold
Interactive chart Add to compare
Print Compare Export
You must be logged in to use the porfolio and watchlists (free)
Top Newsreleases
Annual variation
5 years chart
3 months chart
3 months volume chart
Mining Company News
Plymouth Minerals LTDPLH.AX
Plymouth Minerals Intersects Further High Grade Potash in Drilling at Banio Potash Project - Plannin
AU$ 0.12-8.00%Trend Power :
announces expected non-cash impairment
AU$ 6.88-7.28%Trend Power :
Oceana Gold(Au)OGC.AX
AU$ 2.20+0.00%Trend Power :
Western Areas NL(Au-Ni-Pl)WSA.AX
Advance Notice - Full Year Results Conference Call
AU$ 3.86+0.00%Trend Power :
Canadian Zinc(Ag-Au-Cu)CZN.TO
Reports Financial Results for Q2 and Provides Project Updates
CA$ 0.12+4.55%Trend Power :
Stornoway Diamond(Gems-Au-Ur)SWY.TO
Second Quarter Results
CA$ 0.02+100.00%Trend Power :
McEwen Mining(Cu-Le-Zn)MUX
US$ 2.91-2.35%Trend Power :
Rentech Announces Results for Second Quarter 2017
US$ 0.20-12.28%Trend Power :
Reduced Funding Requirement
GBX 0.58+2.09%Trend Power :
Lupaka Gold Corp.LPK.V
Lupaka Gold Receives First Tranche Under Amended Invicta Financing Agreement
CA$ 0.10-9.09%Trend Power :
Closes Bridge Loan Financing
CA$ 2.11+11.64%Trend Power :
Guyana Goldfields(Cu-Zn-Pa)GUY.TO
Reports Second Quarter 2017 Results and Maintains Production Guidance
CA$ 1.84+0.00%Trend Power :
Lundin Mining(Ag-Au-Cu)LUN.TO
d Share Capital and Voting Rights for Lundin Mining
CA$ 6.47+3.03%Trend Power :
Canarc Res.(Au)CCM.TO
Canarc Reports High Grade Gold in Surface Rock Samples at Fondaway Canyon, Nevada
CA$ 0.24+2.08%Trend Power :
Q A April 2017 Quarterly Report
AU$ 0.29-9.38%Trend Power :
Uranium Res.(Ur)URRE
Commences Lithium Exploration Drilling at the Columbus Basin Project
US$ 6.80-2.86%Trend Power :
Platinum Group Metals(Au-Cu-Gems)PTM.TO
Platinum Group Metals Ltd. Operational and Strategic Process ...
CA$ 1.97+1.55%Trend Power :
Devon Energy(Ngas-Oil)DVN
Announces $340 Million of Non-Core Asset Sales
US$ 55.82+1.16%Trend Power :
Precision Drilling(Oil)PD-UN.TO
Announces 2017Second Quarter Financial Results
CA$ 8.66-0.35%Trend Power :
2nd Quarter Report
AU$ 0.04+0.00%Trend Power :