Articles related to Austria
 
Jan Skoyles Real Asset Co - The Real Asset Co
  The full guide to Nazi gold and currency war 
This morning’s papers and news-shows are full of the story that in 1939 the Bank of England facilitated the sale of Nazi looted gold, not just once but at least twice during that year. Both times without approval of the British government, despite an attempt to freeze Czech assets. The story of Nazi gold is both fascinating and tragic. We take a look at ‘the greatest robbery of all time’ and draw parallels with the modern day gold migration. What is Nazi gold? Nazi gold is a phrase that refers t
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The New Austrian School of Economics 
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Sunday, September 30, 2018
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
The fiat money quantity (FMQ) 
Summary : This paper seeks to establish a measure of currency quantity that helps economists identify and estimate the risk that confidence in fiat currencies might be significantly eroded or even vanish altogether. It is this phenomenon that was referred to in the great European currency inflations of the 1920s as Katastrophenhausse, or a crack-up boom, when ordinary people lose all confidence in a fiat currency, disposing of it as rapidly as possible instead preferring ownership of goods.This is
Sunday, September 30, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Hungarian Connection 
Gold is the most misunderstood metal in human history, because of the economists' failure to distinguish between its dynamic and static aspects in representing values. Economists have blithely assumed all along that the value of gold is the same whether it flows freely from one hand to the next, or whether the movement of gold is obstructed, in the worst case arrested, by the government (soon to be aped by banks and individuals
Sunday, September 23, 2018
Alan Leishman
  Fiat Money – Eastern Europe 
Most commentators on how Fiat money always reverts to its intrinsic value, (i.e. approaching the value of the paper it is printed on, or near zero), quote the german Papiermark, (observe the pictured 5 trillion bank note in this link) as a classic example of this phenomenon.
Wednesday, September 19, 2018
Charleston Voice
Historical Sketch of Paper Currency OF PAPER CURRENCY - History is repeating now
INVENTION OF PAPER MONEY- FRENCH EXPERIENCE - JOHN LAW ENGLISH EXPERIMENTS – COLONIAL -RUSSIAN - CONFEDERATE STATES
Thursday, September 13, 2018
Jeff Clark - Casey Research
  Does Gold Keep up in Hyperinflation  
Inflation is anatural consequence of loose government monetary policy. If those policies get too loose, hyperinflation can occur. As gold investors,we'd like to know if the precious metals would keep pace in this extreme scenario. Hyperinflation is an extremely rapid period of inflation, but when does inflation (which can be manageable) cross the line and become out-of-control hyperinflation? PhilipCagan, one of the very first researchers of this phenomenon, defines hyperinflation as "an inflation rate of 50% or more in a single month, "something largely inconceivable to the average investor.
Sunday, September 2, 2018
Philip Judge - Anglo Far East
Empire At War For Energy Money 
It appears that in history, overstretched empires have often resorted to fighting external wars in the vain attempt to preserve their ailing empire: 1) Through history more blood has been spilt, and more lives lost over gold than anything else. There have always been Gold Wars waged - historically, they centered on seizing by force the physical stockpiles or controlling strategic reserves of gold. 2) Today’s Gold War is more complex and deceptive. There is a very clear war being waged against gold (the same war that has been going on for close to 100 years).
Tuesday, August 14, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
What You Always Wanted To Know About Gold* 
To say that the gold standard is not practicable is the same to say that honesty is not practicable, and Constitutions are made to be blithely ignored when convenient. The American Constitution, for example, mandates a metallic monetary standard for the United States in the clearest possible language. Opponents of the gold standard have never been able to muster up the moral fortitude to amend the Constitution so as to formalize the abolishing of the
Wednesday, August 8, 2018
Gold Coins - Goldmoney
Gold coins: The Vienna Philharmonic
The Vienna Philharmonic has been minted by the Austrian Mint "Münze Österreich AG" since 1989. After Great Britain, Austria was the second state in Europe to start producing an official gold coin. Until 1991 the coin was minted in one ounce and quarter ounce versions. Due to the great sales success, a tenth-ounce coin was released in 1991, which was followed by a half-ounce in 1994.
Wednesday, July 25, 2018
Famous diamonds
The Regent
In 1698, a slave found the 410 carat (82 g) uncut diamond in a Golconda mine, more specifically Paritala-Kollur Mine in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. The slave stole the enormous rough concealing it in bandages of a self-inflicted leg wound, and fled to the seacoast.
Wednesday, July 25, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The View From 2011
Today, we will continue our discussion of the “gold sterilization” of 1937. June 18, 2017: The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937 June 25, 2017: The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937 #2: Fumbling and Bumbling We will look at an influential 2011 paper by Douglas Irwin, available here: http://www.nber.org/papers/w17595.pdf All in all, I think the paper is pretty good, at least in its basic descriptions. It meanders into the usual channels of pointless Monetarism, with some equally pointless math, but it does
Monday, June 25, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937
Today, we will start investigating the U.S. recession of 1937, and along with that, claims that the Federal Reserve caused it by some sort of misbehavior. As is our usual practice, we will begin with just looking at some general information about that time. Industrial production had a short, sharp shock in 1937. Here’s what it looked like in terms of nominal GDP: I am not going to try to disentangle what was going on at that time. There were a lot of things, from the introduction of Social Sec
Monday, June 4, 2018
Paul Tustain - Galmarley.com
  Calculating the "Fair Value" of Gold 
In the absence of cashflow, judging gold's present "fair value" means analysing it like an insurance actuary would...
Monday, May 7, 2018
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
  Hyperinflation around the Globe 
Angola (1991-1999) Angola went through the worst inflation from 1991 to 1995. In early 1991, the highest denomination was 50,000 kwanzas. By 1994, it was 500,000 kwanzas. In the 1995 currency reform, 1 kwanza reajustado was exchanged for 1,000 kwanzas. The highest denomination in 1995 was 5,000,000 kwanzas reajustados. In the 1999 currency reform, 1 new kwanza was exchanged for 1,000,000 kwanzas reajustados. The overall impact of hyperinflation: 1 new kwanza = 1,000,000,000 pre-1991 kwanzas.
Monday, April 23, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
A beginner's guide to investing in Gold 
One’s motivation for buying gold is fundamental to deciding in which form you should buy it. Are you a speculator, investor or saver? Do you wish to take a short term speculative position in gold? Are you investing for the short, medium or long term? Or are you diversifying, saving or using gold as a form of financial insurance?
Tuesday, March 20, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
Hungary’s Gold Repatriation Adds To Growing Protest Against US Dollar Hegemony
– Hungarian National Bank (MNB) to repatriate 100,000 ounces gold from Bank of England– Follows trend of Netherlands, Germany, Austria and Belgium each looking to bring gold back to home soil– Hungary one of the smallest gold owners amongst central banks, with just 5 tonnes– Central bank gold purchases continue to be major drivers of gold market– Russian central bank gold reserves now exceed those of China– Decisions to repatriate and increase gold reserves come as rifts between East and West wi
Wednesday, March 14, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Hungary's central bank to repatriate its 3 tonnes of gold from London
* * * From Hungary Today, Budapest Tuesday, March 6, 2018 http://hungarytoday.hu/news/hungarian-national-bank-decided-bring-gold-r... The leadership of the Hungarian National Bank has decided to bring back home Hungary's gold reserves. Up to now, 100,000 ounces (3 tonnes) of the precious metal were stored in London, which is in total worth some 33 billion forint ($130 million) at current gold prices. The decision seems to be in line with international trends as storage of gold reserves out of th
Tuesday, March 13, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Monetary Metals' Weiner refuses to see anything wrong in the gold market
These days there aren't many denials of gold market manipulation by governments and central banks. As the documentation has piled up, most of the former deniers have fallen silent or struck the pose of 321Gold's Bob Moriarty, who these days writes that all markets are manipulated and everyone should just get over it, as if the identity of the manipulators, their capacity for manipulation, and the degree of their manipulation are of no practical or moral concern. But Keith Weiner of Monetary M
Tuesday, March 13, 2018
David Morgan - Silver Investor
  Chapter 3: Physical Silver – To Buy or Not 
Many believe gold is the only asset that isn't someone else's liability, but in our latest installation of the "Guide to Silver Investing," David Morgan argues that not only does physical silver serve the same purpose, it is more liquid. Read on. . .
Tuesday, March 6, 2018
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