Articles related to Central Bank
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
The origin of cycles
It was Karl Marx who was among the first believers that cyclical behaviour was endemic to free markets.He lived through a time when there was a regular cycle of boom and bust, with phases of economic expansion followed by contraction. Workers were employed and then unemployed, and the only way this could be stopped, in Marxian economics, was for the workers to acquire the means of production, or more correctly, the state to do so on their behalf.Other economists, such as Jevons and Wicksell, rec
Sunday, January 24, 2021
Bullion Vault
Gold Bullion Gains Extend ETF Growth as Inflation Worries Hit 'Even the Yellen Fed'
GOLD BULLION held around $1240 per ounce in London trade Thursday, retaining its 3-month high as commodity markets pushed towards new 18-month records. With energy costs already driving up headline inflation rates worldwide, Brent crude oil today rose above $55 per barrel as Nymex natural gas contracts traded 90% above their price of this time last year. Silver bullion held firm wit
Tuesday, January 12, 2021
Hugo Salinas Price
Thoughts on gold and humanity 
The supply of gold is largely misunderstood. According to MSM, gold supply is what is mined every year and brought to market – about 2,500 tonnes. This is a big mistake. The supply of gold is calculated at about 170,000 tonnes, made up of virtually all the gold ever mined since mankind took notice of its existence as shiny yellow pebbles in sand “placers” in riverbeds. Every ounce –every gram - of this supply is owned by someone, either a person or an institution. This brings up another point,
Sunday, January 10, 2021
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
  America's Forgotten War Against the Central Banks
"Let me issue and control a nation's money supply, and I care not who makes its laws." (Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty) Many prominent Americans such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson have argued and fought against the central banking polices used throughout Europe. A note issued by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve Note, is bank currency. These notes are given to the government in exchange for an interest-bearing g
Tuesday, January 5, 2021
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  Fielding my grandson’s questions about gold and banking
My grandson had quite a day at school.He had learned that the economy had been suffering from things called Panics, capital P, during the 19th century and had another big one in the early 20th century.He had been told that responsible, public-spirited men like J. P. Morgan had organized a central bank to prevent those Panics.He and other bankers finally got the government to go along with their idea and pass it into law in late 1913.And wouldn’t you know it — we’ve had no more Panics since then.
Thursday, December 24, 2020
Frank Shostak
  Why Fractional-Reserve Banking Would Be Limited in an Unhampered Market 
The so-called multiplier arises as a result of the fact that banks are legally permitted to use money that is placed in demand deposits. Banks treat this type of money as if it was loaned to them, thus loaning it out while simultaneously allowing depositors to spend that money.RELATED: "Austrians, Fractional Reserves, and the Money Multiplier" by Robert BatemarcoFor example, if John places $100 in demand deposit at Bank One he doesn't relinquish his claim over the deposited $100. He has unlimite
Tuesday, December 22, 2020
Frank Shostak
How Interest Rates Affect Time Preference — and Vice Versa
According to the writings of Carl Menger and Ludwig von Mises, the driving force of interest rate determination is individual’s time preferences. What is this all about?As a rule, people assign a higher valuation to present goods versus future goods. This means that present goods are valued at a premium to future goods.This stems from the fact that a lender or an investor gives up some benefits at present. Hence, the essence of the phenomenon of interest is the cost that a lender or an investor
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
BullionStar - Bullion Star
The 5 Largest Gold Nuggets that Still Exist
Throughout gold rush and gold mining history, the discovery of a large gold nugget is a phenomenon which always causes excitement throughout a mining community as well as capturing the wider public's imagination. It has probably something to do with so much gold being found at the same time, often with relative ease. Gold nuggets can be found in alluvial deposits (sediments formed by water movement) or in other placer deposits (formed by other movement), but gold nuggets can also be found in or
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
That Accursed Propensity To Save 
Monday, December 7, 2020
Thorsten Polleit
November 15, 1923: The End of German Hyperinflation 
On 15 November 1923 decisive steps were taken to end the nightmare of hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic: TheReichsbank, the German central bank, stopped monetizing government debt, and a new means of exchange, theRentenmark, was issued next to thePapermark (in German:Papiermark). These measures succeeded in halting hyperinflation, but the purchasing power of thePapermark was completely ruined.
Sunday, November 22, 2020
Frank Shostak
How Inflation and Unemployment Are Related
A fall in the US unemployment rate to 4.6% in November from 4.9% in the month before, and 5% in November last year, has prompted some commentators to suggest that we are almost at the so-called natural rate, which is believed to be at around 4.5%.It is held that once the unemployment rate falls below an "optimal" rate — called the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) — it sets off an inflationary spiral. This acceleration in the rate of inflation takes place through in
Tuesday, November 17, 2020
Frank Shostak
Inflation Is Not About Price Increases
There is almost complete unanimity among economists and various commentators that inflation is about general increases in the prices of goods and services. From this it is established that anything that contributes to price increases sets in motion inflation.A fall in unemployment or a rise in economic activity is seen as a potential inflationary trigger. Some other triggers, such as rises in commodity prices or workers’ wages, are also regarded as potential threats.If inflation is just a genera
Monday, November 16, 2020
Frank Shostak
  Why It's Important to Define Money Correctly
Most economists hold that, since the early 1980s, correlations between various definitions of money and national income have broken down. The reason for this breakdown, it is held, is that financial deregulation has made the demand for money unstable. As a result it is held the usefulness of money as a predictor of economic events has significantly diminished.To fix the instability of the demand for money, economists have introduced a gauge of the money supply known as the Divisia monetary indic
Sunday, November 15, 2020
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 14, 2020
Frank Shostak
There Are Two Types of Credit — One of Them Leads to Booms and Busts
In the slump of a cycle, businesses that were thriving begin to experience difficulties or go under. They do so not because of firm-specific entrepreneurial errors but rather in tandem with whole sectors of the economy. People who were wealthy yesterday have become poor today. Factories that were busy yesterday are shut down today, and workers are out of jobs.Businessmen themselves are confused as to why. They cannot make sense of why certain business practices that were profitable yesterday are
Sunday, November 1, 2020
John Paul Koning
  How the Fed Helped Pay for World War I
Governments can pay their bills in three ways: taxes, debt, and inflation. The public usually recognizes the first two, for they are difficult to hide. But the third tends to go unnoticed by the public because it involves a slow and subtle reduction in the value of money, a policy usually unarticulated and complex in design. In this article, I will look under the hood of the Federal Reserve during World War I to explain the actual tools and levers used by monetary authorities to reduce the value
Thursday, October 29, 2020
Gold coins - Goldmoney
Gold coins: The Mexican Libertad
Mexico´s Libertad (Freedom) has been minted by the Mexican Mint “Casa de Moneda de Mexico” since 1981. After the South African Krugerrand and the Canadian Maple Leaf, the Mexican Libertad was the third modern bullion coin on sale at world markets. The gold coin, which is also known as “Onza”, is now one of the world’s top-selling coins. From 1981 to 1991 the Libertad had a purity of 90% (.900). As of 1991 the Mexican Mint increased the purity to 99.9 percent (.999).
Saturday, October 24, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Golden Thorn In The Flesh, Part 2
Thursday, October 22, 2020
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  The Virtue of Hoarding 
Most people would admit to hoarding money only with a tinge of guilt, because to be a hoarder carries with it the suggestion of being a miser — a Scrooge. And yet, every participant in an economy based on indirect exchange holds some amount of money and can be said to be hoarding it, that is, declining to spend it. Hoarding is a strategy for achieving personal goals or for dealing with economic uncertainty.
Monday, October 19, 2020
Rob Kirby - Kirby Analytics
Forensic Examination of the Gold Carry Trade 

Friday, October 16, 2020