Articles related to Central Bank
 
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
That Accursed Propensity To Save 
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Sunday, December 9, 2018
Frank Shostak
How Inflation and Unemployment Are Related
A fall in the US unemployment rate to 4.6% in November from 4.9% in the month before, and 5% in November last year, has prompted some commentators to suggest that we are almost at the so-called natural rate, which is believed to be at around 4.5%.It is held that once the unemployment rate falls below an "optimal" rate — called the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) — it sets off an inflationary spiral. This acceleration in the rate of inflation takes place through in
Saturday, December 1, 2018
Frank Shostak
Inflation Is Not About Price Increases
There is almost complete unanimity among economists and various commentators that inflation is about general increases in the prices of goods and services. From this it is established that anything that contributes to price increases sets in motion inflation.A fall in unemployment or a rise in economic activity is seen as a potential inflationary trigger. Some other triggers, such as rises in commodity prices or workers’ wages, are also regarded as potential threats.If inflation is just a genera
Friday, November 30, 2018
Frank Shostak
  Why It's Important to Define Money Correctly
Most economists hold that, since the early 1980s, correlations between various definitions of money and national income have broken down. The reason for this breakdown, it is held, is that financial deregulation has made the demand for money unstable. As a result it is held the usefulness of money as a predictor of economic events has significantly diminished.To fix the instability of the demand for money, economists have introduced a gauge of the money supply known as the Divisia monetary indic
Thursday, November 29, 2018
Chris Powell - Gata
Fed, Bank of England deceived Bundesbank on coin-melt bars in 1968
Citing Bank of England records, Zero Hedge reveals tonight that as the London Gold Pool was collapsing in 1968 the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England conspired to conceal from the GermanBundesbank the deficient gold content of U.S. gold bars, apparently made from coin melt, that were being transferred to theBundesbank to conclude gold swaps.
Thursday, November 29, 2018
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 17, 2018
Frank Shostak
There Are Two Types of Credit — One of Them Leads to Booms and Busts
In the slump of a cycle, businesses that were thriving begin to experience difficulties or go under. They do so not because of firm-specific entrepreneurial errors but rather in tandem with whole sectors of the economy. People who were wealthy yesterday have become poor today. Factories that were busy yesterday are shut down today, and workers are out of jobs.Businessmen themselves are confused as to why. They cannot make sense of why certain business practices that were profitable yesterday are
Thursday, November 15, 2018
Thorsten Polleit
November 15, 1923: The End of German Hyperinflation 
On 15 November 1923 decisive steps were taken to end the nightmare of hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic: TheReichsbank, the German central bank, stopped monetizing government debt, and a new means of exchange, theRentenmark, was issued next to thePapermark (in German:Papiermark). These measures succeeded in halting hyperinflation, but the purchasing power of thePapermark was completely ruined.
Thursday, November 15, 2018
John Paul Koning
  How the Fed Helped Pay for World War I
Governments can pay their bills in three ways: taxes, debt, and inflation. The public usually recognizes the first two, for they are difficult to hide. But the third tends to go unnoticed by the public because it involves a slow and subtle reduction in the value of money, a policy usually unarticulated and complex in design. In this article, I will look under the hood of the Federal Reserve during World War I to explain the actual tools and levers used by monetary authorities to reduce the value
Sunday, November 11, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Chris Powell at New Orleans conference: Gold market manipulation update, November 2018
Since we met at this conference last year much new evidence of manipulation of the gold market by central banks and their bullion bank agents has been compiled and disclosed by the Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee. For example, a month ago a major bullion bank, the Bank of No
Saturday, November 3, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
Gold Improves Investment, Pension and Central Bank Portfolio’s Risk-Adjusted Returns
 Hungary increases gold reserves 10 fold and central bank Governor sees gold as having “economic and national strategic importance” – Central banks diversifying into gold in order to ensure the national foreign exchange reserves are “safer” and to “reduce risk” – Gold allocation reduces volatility & enhances returns in investment & pension portfolios– As stocks sold off aggressively, gold & Google searches for ‘gold price’ rose significantly
Tuesday, October 30, 2018
Gold coins - Goldmoney
Gold coins: The Mexican Libertad
Mexico´s Libertad (Freedom) has been minted by the Mexican Mint “Casa de Moneda de Mexico” since 1981. After the South African Krugerrand and the Canadian Maple Leaf, the Mexican Libertad was the third modern bullion coin on sale at world markets. The gold coin, which is also known as “Onza”, is now one of the world’s top-selling coins. From 1981 to 1991 the Libertad had a purity of 90% (.900). As of 1991 the Mexican Mint increased the purity to 99.9 percent (.999).
Wednesday, October 24, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Golden Thorn In The Flesh, Part 2
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Sunday, October 21, 2018
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  The Virtue of Hoarding 
Most people would admit to hoarding money only with a tinge of guilt, because to be a hoarder carries with it the suggestion of being a miser — a Scrooge. And yet, every participant in an economy based on indirect exchange holds some amount of money and can be said to be hoarding it, that is, declining to spend it. Hoarding is a strategy for achieving personal goals or for dealing with economic uncertainty.
Friday, October 19, 2018
Charleston Voice
  Germany's Stolen Gold Reserves - Times are changing - the debts remain (Russian)
Is the US Fedkeeping doublebookkeeper entries -addingGermany's plusothergovernments' goldincluded in the USclaimedreserves of 8,100+ tons? Show metheyaren't. STERN REMINDER:It's notownershipthatcounts - -it'salwayswho has CONTROL! Bereminded ofthistruismwhenitcomes toyourownpersonalbankdeposits and "safe"deposit boxes.
Thursday, October 18, 2018
Rob Kirby - Kirby Analytics
Forensic Examination of the Gold Carry Trade 

Saturday, October 13, 2018
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
Skepticism reigns about the True state of Chinese central bank gold reserves
One of the most mysterious and unresolved questions in the gold world centers on how much gold reserves the Chinese State, through the Chinese central bank, actually holds. Since October 2016, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC), China’s central bank, has continued to announce unchanged gold reserves each month and persistently claims that its official gold reserves remain static at 1842 tonnes. That reporting comes through China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) and is also report
Friday, October 12, 2018
Michael J. Kosares - USA Gold
King Ibn Saud’s 35,000 British sovereigns – Gold’s historic undervaluation versus oil 
TheWikileaks/Financial Times revelations on significant gold buying interest in the Middle East — notably Iran’s central bank, Jordan’s central bank and Qatar’s sovereign wealth fund — brought to mind the story of KingIbn Saud and his sale of oil concessions to the major oil companies. In payment he received 35,000 British sovereigns — a coin many of you hold in your own sovereign wealth funds.
Monday, October 8, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
New member of Mexican central bank's board wants transparency
By Eric Martin Bloomberg News Sunday, October 7, 2018 Jonathan Heath is ready to liven up the stuffy world of Mexico's central bank. The economist tipped by President-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador as his first board nominee doesn't wear neckties and has no plans to start now. Things he does intend to do: keep his personal Twitter account (where his photo shows him with a Negroni -- his favorite cocktail -- while puffing a cigar); continue writing his Reforma newspaper column; and avoid eve
Monday, October 8, 2018
Frank Shostak
Inflation's Not the Only Way Easy Money Destroys Wealth 
The US Federal Reserve can keep stimulating the US economy because inflation is posing little threat, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis President Kocherlakota said. “I am expecting an inflation rate to run below two percent for the next four years, through 2018,” he said. “That means there is more room for monetary policy to be helpful in terms of … boosting demand without running up against generating too much inflation.” The yearly rate of growth of the official consumer price index (CPI) s
Sunday, October 7, 2018
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