Articles related to Europe
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
God, Gold and Guns
We’ve been looking into One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter. October 2, 2017: One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter October 14, 2017: One Nation Under Gold #2: The Silliness of the Bretton Woods Years Now, we will follow Ledbetter’s account of the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, up to the present. The account of the 1971 devaluation was, following the pattern of this book, long on details but short on insight. It seemed to people at the time that they “had no choice,” that
Saturday, October 24, 2020
Frederic Bastiat
Raw Materials
It is said that the most advantageous of all branches of trade is that which supplies manufactured commodities in exchange for raw materials. For these raw materials are the aliment and support of national labor. Hence the conclusion is drawn that the best law of customs is that which gives the greatest possible facility to the importation of raw materials, and which throws most obstacles in the way of importing finished goods. There is no fallacy in political economy more widely disseminated th
Monday, October 12, 2020
Lysander Spooner
  Gold and Silver as Standards of Value 
All the usurpation, and tyranny, and extortion, and robbery, and fraud, that are involved in the monopoly of money are practised, and attempted to be justified, under the pretence of maintaining the standard of value. This pretence is intrinsically a false one throughout. And the whole motive for it is to afford some color of justification for such a monopoly of money as will enable the few holders of gold and silver coins (or of such other money as may be specially licensed and substituted for them) to extort, in exchange for them, more of other men’s property than the coins (or their substitutes) are naturally and truly worth. That such is the fact, it is the purpose of this article to prove.
Sunday, October 11, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
  The Supply of Oxen at the IMF
Wednesday, October 7, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Hungarian Connection 
Gold is the most misunderstood metal in human history, because of the economists' failure to distinguish between its dynamic and static aspects in representing values. Economists have blithely assumed all along that the value of gold is the same whether it flows freely from one hand to the next, or whether the movement of gold is obstructed, in the worst case arrested, by the government (soon to be aped by banks and individuals
Friday, September 25, 2020
Dan Popescu - GoldBroker
  Above-ground Gold Stock - How Much Is There and Why Does it Matter 
To understand the price of gold, the relevant supply is the total supply, not the new supply coming to market during the last year, week or month. The supply of gold consists of all of the supply that exists, and the relevant demand is the total demand, not the new demand coming to market during any year. For gold, there is always a large stockpile, and it never gets smaller. The vast majority of all the gold mined throughout human history still exists and is held either in bars, coins, or jewel
Tuesday, September 1, 2020
Jeff Clark - Casey Research
  Does Gold Keep up in Hyperinflation  
Inflation is anatural consequence of loose government monetary policy. If those policies get too loose, hyperinflation can occur. As gold investors,we'd like to know if the precious metals would keep pace in this extreme scenario. Hyperinflation is an extremely rapid period of inflation, but when does inflation (which can be manageable) cross the line and become out-of-control hyperinflation? PhilipCagan, one of the very first researchers of this phenomenon, defines hyperinflation as "an inflation rate of 50% or more in a single month, "something largely inconceivable to the average investor.
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
Philip Judge - Anglo Far East
Empire At War For Energy Money 
It appears that in history, overstretched empires have often resorted to fighting external wars in the vain attempt to preserve their ailing empire: 1) Through history more blood has been spilt, and more lives lost over gold than anything else. There have always been Gold Wars waged - historically, they centered on seizing by force the physical stockpiles or controlling strategic reserves of gold. 2) Today’s Gold War is more complex and deceptive. There is a very clear war being waged against gold (the same war that has been going on for close to 100 years).
Monday, August 17, 2020
Perth Mint Blog
Franz Liszt: the first pop phenomenon
In many ways Franz Liszt was the JustinBieber of his day. It’s been said that Liszt generated such excitement that women would literally attack him: tear bits of his clothing, fight over broken piano strings and locks of his shoulder-length hair. Born in Hungary in 1811, Liszt stood over six feet tall and had flashing brown eyes.
Monday, August 3, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
  The Crash of the Bank of the United States 
By the fourth quarter of 1930 the trouble with the Bank of United States gave occasion to grave concern. The Bank of United States was a bank which ought never to have existed, and which certainly ought never to have had the name it had. One leading banker of New York went personally to Albany to protest against the giving of such a name to that bank or to any other bank, and was told that there was a political debt to pay.
Sunday, July 26, 2020
Gold Coins - Goldmoney
Gold coins: The Vienna Philharmonic 
The Vienna Philharmonic has been minted by the Austrian Mint "Münze Österreich AG" since 1989. After Great Britain, Austria was the second state in Europe to start producing an official gold coin. Until 1991 the coin was minted in one ounce and quarter ounce versions. Due to the great sales success, a tenth-ounce coin was released in 1991, which was followed by a half-ounce in 1994.
Friday, July 17, 2020
Dan Popescu - GoldBroker
The Gold Standard
According to Mises, money’s function as a medium of exchange is thus the central one, while its store of value and unit of account functions are merely subordinate functions. I would say store of value and unit of account is what makes the medium of exchange marketable. The medium of exchange has to be simple to understand, not only by educated people but also the most uneducated. It has to be easily accessed, not only in ideal circumstances but also in difficult ones. Many things have been trie
Friday, July 10, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
Second Front In The Gold World
Monday, July 6, 2020
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
Devaluations of the 1930s Don't Justify Today's Funny Money Excess
Without question, the Great Depression was a time when the political consensus moved from a Classical “hard money” approach towards a Mercantilist “soft money” approach — leading, ultimately, to today’s “print until the pain goes away” reaction. Actually, this trend had started in the later 19th century, and was not fully expressed until the 1970s – an evolution stretching over a hundred years or more. But, the experience of the Great Depression period of the 1930s st
Monday, June 22, 2020
Fiat 33 
"Sir, I would say, "Old World Order" to return. To understand/explain better: A very easy way to view this "order", would be to simply say that the American Experience is reaching the end! As we know, world war two left Europe and the world economy destroyed. Many thinkers of that period thought that the world was about to enter a decades long depression as it worked to rebuild real assets lost in the conflict. It was this war that so impacted the idea of looking positively toward the fu
Sunday, June 21, 2020
Mike Maloney - Goldsilver
  Gold Silver Confiscation: Can the Government Seize Assets
One concern of retail precious metals investors is the possibility of a gold confiscation.Imagine having the forethought to buy gold to shield your finances from an economic or monetary crisis—only to have it taken away from you by your government. You’d lose not just the protective buffer you put in place but potentially a chunk of your net worth.Gold confiscation may sound preposterous to investors used to securities or real estate. But it’s happened in the past enough times to make it a reaso
Monday, June 1, 2020
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937
Today, we will start investigating the U.S. recession of 1937, and along with that, claims that the Federal Reserve caused it by some sort of misbehavior. As is our usual practice, we will begin with just looking at some general information about that time. Industrial production had a short, sharp shock in 1937. Here’s what it looked like in terms of nominal GDP: I am not going to try to disentangle what was going on at that time. There were a lot of things, from the introduction of Social Sec
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Dismal Monetary Science
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Mickey Fulp - Mercenary Geologist
The Life Cycle of Money
In the aftermath of the global economic crisis of 2008-2009, governments throughout the world have fostered a tenuous recovery predicated on massive increases in money supplies and debasement of currencies. Note however, that monetary debasement is not a recent phenomenon; it is simply the natural life cycle of money.There are six well-defined stages in the life cycle of money. This progression has occurred in every dominant civilization
Monday, May 11, 2020
Michael E. Kreca
May 8, 1945 : Who Really Won World War II  
Treason doth never prosper: what’s the reason? Why, if it prosper, none dare call it treason. ~ Sir John Harrington (1561–1612) War is the health of the State. ~ Randolph Bourne (1886–1918)
Friday, May 8, 2020