Articles related to France
 
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot
The Fundamental Difference between Fairs and Markets
The word fair, which is derived from forum, a public square, was originally synonymous with that of market, and is still so in certain respects. Both signify a gathering of sellers and buyers at a set time and place, but the word fair seems to present the idea of a more numerous, more solemn, and consequently, less common gathering. The use of these two words in ordinary language appears to be determined by this distinction, which is immediately perceptible, but which itself arises from a less o
Thursday, May 24, 2018
Hugo Salinas Price - Plata.com
Silver and the Great Future of Mexico
Lecture of the author at the solemn ceremony of his appointment as Honorary Professor of Northwest Institute of Management of the Russian Presidential Academy. Embassy of the Russian Federation Mexico City June 27, 2017. Your Excellency, Ambassador Edward Malayan; Doctor Vladimir Shamakhov, Director of the Northwest Institute of Management of Russian Presidential Academy,members of the Honorable Diplomatic Corps here present, and esteemed audience: I am greatly privileged to be with all of
Saturday, May 19, 2018
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
New Gold Pool at the BIS Basle, Switzerland: Part 1
“In the Governor’s absence I attended the meeting in Zijlstra’s room in the BIS on the afternoon of Monday, 10th December to continue discussions about a possible gold pool. Emminger, de la Geniere, de Strycker, Leutwiler, Larre and Pohl were present.”      13 December 1979 – Kit McMahon to Gordon Richardson, Bank of England Introduction A central bank Gold Pool which many people will be familiar with operated in the gold market between November 1961 and March 1968. That Gold Pool was known as t
Wednesday, May 2, 2018
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
  Hyperinflation around the Globe 
Angola (1991-1999) Angola went through the worst inflation from 1991 to 1995. In early 1991, the highest denomination was 50,000 kwanzas. By 1994, it was 500,000 kwanzas. In the 1995 currency reform, 1 kwanza reajustado was exchanged for 1,000 kwanzas. The highest denomination in 1995 was 5,000,000 kwanzas reajustados. In the 1999 currency reform, 1 new kwanza was exchanged for 1,000,000 kwanzas reajustados. The overall impact of hyperinflation: 1 new kwanza = 1,000,000,000 pre-1991 kwanzas.
Monday, April 23, 2018
Mickey Fulp - Mercenary Geologist
Gold, Silver, and the US Dollar: 1792-1971
In today's musing, I review the history of gold, silver, and fiat currency as money in the United States of America. I document how various wars, panics and depressions, Congressional acts, and executive orders have affected the US dollar prices of precious metals and resulting gold-silver ratios.This musing covers the period from 1792 when the United States government first established a national currency backed by gold and silver until
Thursday, April 19, 2018
Adrian Ash - Bullion Vault
Inflation and human nature
"...Scrabbling in the earth for a fresh source of cash, the gold & silver miners of 13th century Europe proved that the money supply never simply increases as if by magic..."
Thursday, March 29, 2018
Keith Weiner - Monetary Metals
Standing Ready to Lease Gold
We will take another break from capital destruction, to treat a topic which has come up this week. On March 11, we said: “…central bankers do not think about gold. Granted, they once did. In the 1960’s, there was the now-infamous London Gold Pool to keep the price of gold at $35. This is endlessly cited as evidence of current central bank price suppression, without bothering to mention that until 1971 the official US policy was to maintain the dollar to gold exchange rate of $35 to the ounce. …
Tuesday, March 20, 2018
Chris Martenson
  Russia Did It!
This past week saw an enormous outpouring of respect and admiration for Stephen Hawking upon his passing. In contrast to his frail health in life, his contributions to our understanding of the universe were prodigious and robust. Hawking's elevation of rational and intellectual truth above all else, even his failing body, inspired a generation of science lovers. Perhaps, too, he represented something in desperately short supply in today's world: intellectual integrity. Our lives are now fraught
Friday, March 16, 2018
Bullion Vault
Gold Price Unmoved, Hits 5-Week Low vs GBP as US Backs UK Over Russian Spy Attack
GOLD PRICES were unmoved Thursday by worsening tensions between Nato and Russia over the poisoning in Britain of a former spy, holding $5 below last week's finish to trade at $1318 per ounce as world stock markets also held flat overall. Silver also slipped, trading 1% down for the week so far at $16.43 as major Western bond prices rose, edging interest rates down. Russian bond yields rose as Mo
Friday, March 16, 2018
Mac Slavo - ShtfPlan
How Will Gold Prices Behave During The Next Economic Crisis
This report was originally published by Brandon Smith at Alt-Market.com It is generally well known in economic circles and in the general public that precious metals, including gold, tend to be the go-to investment during times of fiscal uncertainty. There is a good reason for this. Precious metals have foundation qualities that provide trade stability; these include inherent rarity (rather than artificially engineered rarity such as that associated with cryptocurrencies), tangibility (you can
Tuesday, March 13, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Monetary Metals' Weiner refuses to see anything wrong in the gold market
These days there aren't many denials of gold market manipulation by governments and central banks. As the documentation has piled up, most of the former deniers have fallen silent or struck the pose of 321Gold's Bob Moriarty, who these days writes that all markets are manipulated and everyone should just get over it, as if the identity of the manipulators, their capacity for manipulation, and the degree of their manipulation are of no practical or moral concern. But Keith Weiner of Monetary M
Tuesday, March 13, 2018
Nelson Hultberg - AFR.org
Horatius at the Bridge
In 6th century B.C. during the early years of Rome, wars for regional dominance prevailed constantly between the Roman troops and neighboring tribes such as the Etruscans. In 508 B.C., the Etruscan king, Lars Porsena, marched on the city of Rome in hubristic hopes of taking the city itself and becoming its ruler. Upon meeting Roman troops at the banks of the Tiber River, his superior forces proceeded to slaughter the weaker Roman army attempting to defend the city outside of its gates near the P
Monday, March 12, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
“Should We Restore The Gold Standard”
I thought I would add a little commentary to this item from Bullionstar: Should We Restore the Gold Standard? It consists of a sort of virtual discussion between Larry White and David Glasner, who we looked at recently regarding his views of the Great Depression: I say “virtual” because it appears that the two did not have an actual discussion, but rather, the author compares some of their public statements. The article is a nice summary of what a discussion today on this topic might look like.
Monday, March 12, 2018
SRSrocco - SRSRocco Report
The Amazing Amount of Gold The U.S. Exported Since 2000
The U.S. exported a stunning amount of gold since the turn of the century.  As the price of gold surged along with the massive increase in U.S. debt, gold exports jumped to record highs.  In 2012 alone, the United States exported nearly 700 metric tons of gold.  The total amount of U.S. net gold exports over the past 17 years equaled the combined gold reserves of six high ranking countries.While the U.S. exported nearly 8,000 metric tons (mt) of gold since 2001, it also imported a great deal as
Sunday, March 11, 2018
Adrian Ash - Bullion Vault
China's 2018 Gold Buying: Half-Empty, Half-Full
Analysts split on China's demand as gold jewelry tastes change... LEADING ANALYSTS are split over the prospects for China's private gold buying in 2018, as a "healthy outlook" from one consultancy contrasts with a "tough year in store" from another. "China's gold demand is likely to have peaked in 2013," says Thomson Reuters GFMS, "and is very unlikely to return to those
Friday, March 9, 2018
Bullion Vault
'Red Hot' US Jobs Data See Gold Bullion Lose 1-Week High as 'Trade War' Hits Yen, Beijing
GOLD BULLION slipped against a weakening Dollar in London trade Wednesday, retreating $10 from a 1-week high at $1340 per ounce as talk of a global 'trade war' spurred by US President Donald Trump grew yet again following the resignation of his top economic advisor, Gary Cohn. After new data showed US factory orders falling steeper than expected in January, private-sector payrolls provider ADP today said the world's largest economy added more jo
Thursday, March 8, 2018
Benjamin Constant
On the Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns
"He loved liberty as other men love power," was the judgment passed on Benjamin Constant by a 19th-century admirer.His great public concern, all throughout his adult life, was the attainment of a free society, especially for his adopted country, France; and if a (by no means uncritical) French commentator exaggera
Wednesday, March 7, 2018
The Disastrous History of Money - USA Gold
The Nightmare German Inflation 

Wednesday, March 7, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
  Gold $10,000 Goldnomics Podcast Quotations and Transcript
In the latest Goldnomics latest podcast, we consider whether the gold price will reach $10,000 per ounce in the coming years and what factors will drive prices. Watch on YouTube or read the quotations and transcript below. Dave: Hello and welcome to the Goldnomics podcast where we look at global markets through the lens of precious metals. And you can keep your eye out for new episodes on iTunes, on SoundCloud and also on YouTube and you can like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. And wso
Sunday, March 4, 2018
Tom DiLorenzo
Frederic Bastiat (1801-1850): Between the French and Marginalist Revolutions 
CLAUDE FREDERIC BASTIAT was a French economist, legislator, and writer who championed private property, free markets, and limited government. Perhaps the main underlying theme ofBastiat's writings was that the free market was inherently a source of "economic harmony" among individuals, as long as government was restricted to the function of protecting the lives, liberties, and property of citizens from theft or aggression.
Saturday, March 3, 2018
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