Articles related to London
 
Benjamin Constant
On the Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns
He loved liberty as other men love power," was the judgment passed on Benjamin Constant by a 19th-century admirer. His great public concern, all throughout his adult life, was the attainment of a free society, especially for his adopted country, France; and if a (by no means uncritical) French commentator exag
Saturday, November 28, 2020
Perth Mint Blog - Perth Mint Blog.
Precious metal units of measure explained
The precious metals industry uses the troy ounce as its basic unit of measure, even in countries who have adopted the metric system. A troy ounce is heavier than the more common avoirdupois ounce. While there is a difference between a troy ounce and an ounce, the precious metals industry often uses “ounce” and the abbreviation “oz” rather than “troy ounce” and “ozt”. As a result, when you see “ounce” and “oz” used in the context of precious metals, assume the reference is to troy ounces. When re
Sunday, November 15, 2020
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 14, 2020
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
God, Gold and Guns
We’ve been looking into One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter. October 2, 2017: One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter October 14, 2017: One Nation Under Gold #2: The Silliness of the Bretton Woods Years Now, we will follow Ledbetter’s account of the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, up to the present. The account of the 1971 devaluation was, following the pattern of this book, long on details but short on insight. It seemed to people at the time that they “had no choice,” that
Saturday, October 24, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
Forward Thinking On Backwardation
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Thursday, October 8, 2020
Lew Rockwell
  The Truth About War and the State 
Not long ago I was thinking about the legacy of Murray N. Rothbard, the brilliant scholar and the creator of the libertarian movement, as well as a dear friend to both Ron and me. Would that movement have come into existence without Murray? I don’t think so. And whatever might have developed in its place would undoubtedly have been less pro-peace, and more willing to reach an accord with the warfare st
Saturday, September 5, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
Our Diseased Monetary Bloodstream
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Wednesday, August 5, 2020
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
The London Bullion Market Association
The LBMA, or London Bullion Market Association, offers "over-the-counter" (OTC) wholesale trading of gold and silver bullion between members. The LBMA operates the worlds largest OTC gold market, trading an average of $13.9 billion worth of bullion (equivalent to 18.3 million ounces, or 52,875 Good Delivery bars) each day. Because of its importance to the global bullion trade, the LBMA oversees spot dealing in gold and silver for most of the world. Gold traded by members of the London Bullion Ma
Monday, July 27, 2020
Jan Skoyles Real Asset Co. - The Real Asset Co
  The London Gold Market: What’s behind the smoke and mirrors 
In our last two major research pieces we have been looking at the working parts of the gold market and where the heart of it lies. We’re trying to help investors understand where gold prices are really set. Today we take a look at the London gold market, an older and arguably larger market than COMEX. A couple of weeks ago we explained how we had ‘found that the COMEX was still the beating heart of the gold market.’ Since this research piece, Bron Sucheki, whose work featured in our last piece,
Friday, June 26, 2020
Famous diamonds
The De Beers Diamond

Saturday, June 20, 2020
Mike Maloney - Goldsilver
  Gold Silver Confiscation: Can the Government Seize Assets
One concern of retail precious metals investors is the possibility of a gold confiscation.Imagine having the forethought to buy gold to shield your finances from an economic or monetary crisis—only to have it taken away from you by your government. You’d lose not just the protective buffer you put in place but potentially a chunk of your net worth.Gold confiscation may sound preposterous to investors used to securities or real estate. But it’s happened in the past enough times to make it a reaso
Monday, June 1, 2020
Perth Mint Blog - Perth Mint Blog.
  A Question Of Purity
Purity refers to the amount (by weight) of pure gold an object has. The most common way of describing purity, particularly in the jewellery industry, is by Carats (Karat in the US). Carats are just the purity expressed in units of 24, such that 100% equals 24 carat and 50% equals 12 carat. For bullion, refiners and dealers use either percentages or fineness (fine being another word for pure). The table below shows the most common purities. In wholesale investment
Saturday, May 30, 2020
Perth Mint Blog - Perth Mint Blog.
A brief history of gold in Australia
The discovery of gold by colonial settlers during the 19th century had a huge effect on the development of Australia. Powering an influx of new migrants and helping to shape the national character, it attracted capital and created the wealth necessary for economic progress. Having laid the foundations of the modern nation, gold continues to play a vital role in Australia's fortunes. Here's our concise overview of the history of Australian gold. 1820s - Travelling beyond the confines of Sydney, E
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Dismal Monetary Science
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Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Perth Mint Blog - Perth Mint Blog.
The ultimate guide to silver
Thinking about investing in silver? Here's your essential guide to the history, culture and science of one of the most remarkable metals known to man.  . The Periodic Table lists elements in order of atomic weight. At 47 on the table, silver is represented by 'Ag' from argentum, the Latin description for white, shiny metal.  . Silver is one of the seven so-called 'metals of antiquity' which mankind identified and found uses for thousands of years ago.  . First mined around 3,000 BC i
Friday, May 8, 2020
Hugo Salinas Price - Plata.com
Silver and the Great Future of Mexico
Lecture of the author at the solemn ceremony of his appointment as Honorary Professor of Northwest Institute of Management of the Russian Presidential Academy. Embassy of the Russian Federation Mexico City June 27, 2017. Your Excellency, Ambassador Edward Malayan; Doctor Vladimir Shamakhov, Director of the Northwest Institute of Management of Russian Presidential Academy,members of the Honorable Diplomatic Corps here present, and esteemed audience: I am greatly privileged to be with all of
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The Bank of England, 1844-1913
In 1844, there was a new regulation of the Bank of England called the Bank Charter Act of 1844, also known as Peel's Act. Read Wikipedia on the Bank Charter Act of 1844 This officially made the Bank of England the sole issuer of banknotes in England, although it was functionally the sole issuer before then. It also split the Bank into two Departments: an Issue Department, wholly responsible for banknotes, and a Banking Department, which was not involved in
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Charleston Voice
  Fort Knox Looted of 7,000 Tons of Gold in 1973-1974 says 1981 Article! 
This imaged article from 1981 and excerpted commentary below it will set the landscape for the scandal that is just now unraveling before the world. To date, we have not been able to uncover any official refutations, disclaimers or denials from the USG or Federal Reserve. for larger view: http://www.knology.net/~bilrum/811215_FtKnoxGold_globe.jpg To read - Enlarge Image Dr. Peter David Beter - Audio Letter No. 70. "AUDIO LETTER(R)" is a registered trademark of Audio Books, Inc., a Texas c
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
New Gold Pool at the BIS Basle, Switzerland: Part 1
“In the Governor’s absence I attended the meeting in Zijlstra’s room in the BIS on the afternoon of Monday, 10th December to continue discussions about a possible gold pool. Emminger, de la Geniere, de Strycker, Leutwiler, Larre and Pohl were present.”      13 December 1979 – Kit McMahon to Gordon Richardson, Bank of England Introduction A central bank Gold Pool which many people will be familiar with operated in the gold market between November 1961 and March 1968. That Gold Pool was known as t
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Jesse - Le Cafe Américain
  Cecil Rhodes and the Dream of a New World Order Presided Over by an Anglo-American Establishment 
"The Rhodes Scholarships, established by the terms of Cecil Rhodes's seventh will, are known to everyone. What is not so widely known is that Rhodes in five previous wills left his fortune to form a secret society, which was to devote itself to the preservation and expansion of the British Empire. And what does not seem to be known to anyone is that this secret society was created by Rhodes and his principal trustee, Lord Milner, and continues to exist to this day. To be sure, this secret soci
Monday, April 13, 2020
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