Articles related to Money Supply
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  Fielding my grandson’s questions about gold and banking
My grandson had quite a day at school.He had learned that the economy had been suffering from things called Panics, capital P, during the 19th century and had another big one in the early 20th century.He had been told that responsible, public-spirited men like J. P. Morgan had organized a central bank to prevent those Panics.He and other bankers finally got the government to go along with their idea and pass it into law in late 1913.And wouldn’t you know it — we’ve had no more Panics since then.
Saturday, January 5, 2019
Sprott Money
The Secret of Wealth Preservation - Jeff Nielson
We have a failure to communicate. The vast majority of the investment public in the Western world has no understanding – at all – about how to preserve and protect their wealth. Of the minority of the investment community with some understanding of wealth preservation, almost invariably it is a flawed understanding. Understanding wealth preservation begins with having a detailed and correct understanding of “money”. Understanding money begins with correctly comprehending the difference betwe
Saturday, January 5, 2019
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
America's Forgotten War Against the Central Banks
"Let me issue and control a nation's money supply, and I care not who makes its laws." (Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty) Many prominent Americans such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson have argued and fought against the central banking polices used throughout Europe. A note issued by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve Note, is bank currency. These notes are given to the government in exchange for an interest-bearing g
Sunday, December 30, 2018
Gordon Long - Market Analytics
China Potentially Threatens a Near Term Us Treasury Short Squeeze!
Problems in China are looming on top of an already very tenuous and misunderstood situation in the US Financial Markets. Additionally, Federal Reserve Policy has made the situation even more combustible! As a result of a Trump Victory inspired bond market massacre there are now few places that a yield starved world can presently find better risk-adjusted yields than in US Treasuries. With China now being forced to sell their FX Reserves and thereby creating  the much needed supply so e
Saturday, December 29, 2018
Frank Shostak
How Interest Rates Affect Time Preference — and Vice Versa
According to the writings of Carl Menger and Ludwig von Mises, the driving force of interest rate determination is individual’s time preferences. What is this all about?As a rule, people assign a higher valuation to present goods versus future goods. This means that present goods are valued at a premium to future goods.This stems from the fact that a lender or an investor gives up some benefits at present. Hence, the essence of the phenomenon of interest is the cost that a lender or an investor
Saturday, December 29, 2018
Frank Shostak
Inflation Is Not About Price Increases
There is almost complete unanimity among economists and various commentators that inflation is about general increases in the prices of goods and services. From this it is established that anything that contributes to price increases sets in motion inflation.A fall in unemployment or a rise in economic activity is seen as a potential inflationary trigger. Some other triggers, such as rises in commodity prices or workers’ wages, are also regarded as potential threats.If inflation is just a genera
Friday, November 30, 2018
Frank Shostak
  Why It's Important to Define Money Correctly
Most economists hold that, since the early 1980s, correlations between various definitions of money and national income have broken down. The reason for this breakdown, it is held, is that financial deregulation has made the demand for money unstable. As a result it is held the usefulness of money as a predictor of economic events has significantly diminished.To fix the instability of the demand for money, economists have introduced a gauge of the money supply known as the Divisia monetary indic
Thursday, November 29, 2018
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 17, 2018
Frank Shostak
There Are Two Types of Credit — One of Them Leads to Booms and Busts
In the slump of a cycle, businesses that were thriving begin to experience difficulties or go under. They do so not because of firm-specific entrepreneurial errors but rather in tandem with whole sectors of the economy. People who were wealthy yesterday have become poor today. Factories that were busy yesterday are shut down today, and workers are out of jobs.Businessmen themselves are confused as to why. They cannot make sense of why certain business practices that were profitable yesterday are
Thursday, November 15, 2018
John Paul Koning
  How the Fed Helped Pay for World War I
Governments can pay their bills in three ways: taxes, debt, and inflation. The public usually recognizes the first two, for they are difficult to hide. But the third tends to go unnoticed by the public because it involves a slow and subtle reduction in the value of money, a policy usually unarticulated and complex in design. In this article, I will look under the hood of the Federal Reserve during World War I to explain the actual tools and levers used by monetary authorities to reduce the value
Sunday, November 11, 2018
Philip Judge - Anglo Far East
A Century Unique In All History 
This last century is unique in all of history, as it tells the story of the first time in all of history, that gold has been completely and officially abandoned as the backing for money. We have said before that maintaining control of the financial systems is the largest single challenge facing the leaders of the world today. This is evidenced in the last two years by the record number of summits and emergency meetings of organizations such as IMF, World Bank, World trade Organization, and the G7. The Plunge Protection Team and Exchange Stabilization Fund have been working overtime, while we have witnessed the setting up and convening of special sub committees of central banks and governmental policy makers, all dedicated to ensuring stability of financial and capitol markets, at all costs.
Sunday, October 21, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Golden Thorn In The Flesh, Part 2
Sunday, October 21, 2018
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
The fiat money quantity (FMQ) 
Summary : This paper seeks to establish a measure of currency quantity that helps economists identify and estimate the risk that confidence in fiat currencies might be significantly eroded or even vanish altogether. It is this phenomenon that was referred to in the great European currency inflations of the 1920s as Katastrophenhausse, or a crack-up boom, when ordinary people lose all confidence in a fiat currency, disposing of it as rapidly as possible instead preferring ownership of goods.This is
Sunday, September 30, 2018
Charleston voice
The Great German Inflation

Saturday, September 29, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The Bank of England, 1720-1913
In 1844, there was a new regulation of the Bank of England, which separated the Bank into an Issue Department and a Banking Department. The Issue Department was solely responsible for issuing and managing banknotes, or "currency in circulation." The Banking Department was responsible for lending, including deposits. We recognize today that deposits at the currency issuer (central bank) are a form of base money, much like banknotes, because they are accepted as an ultimate form of payment. Thus, what we now recognize as "base money" was split between the two Departments. This introduced some funny issues, which we may talk about in much more detail later.
Monday, September 17, 2018
Jeff Clark - Casey Research
  Does Gold Keep up in Hyperinflation  
Inflation is anatural consequence of loose government monetary policy. If those policies get too loose, hyperinflation can occur. As gold investors,we'd like to know if the precious metals would keep pace in this extreme scenario. Hyperinflation is an extremely rapid period of inflation, but when does inflation (which can be manageable) cross the line and become out-of-control hyperinflation? PhilipCagan, one of the very first researchers of this phenomenon, defines hyperinflation as "an inflation rate of 50% or more in a single month, "something largely inconceivable to the average investor.
Sunday, September 2, 2018
Dan Popescu - GoldBroker
  Above-ground Gold Stock - How Much Is There and Why Does it Matter 
To understand the price of gold, the relevant supply is the total supply, not the new supply coming to market during the last year, week or month. The supply of gold consists of all of the supply that exists, and the relevant demand is the total demand, not the new demand coming to market during any year. For gold, there is always a large stockpile, and it never gets smaller. The vast majority of all the gold mined throughout human history still exists and is held either in bars, coins, or jewel
Saturday, September 1, 2018
Charleston Voice
Confederate Inflation Rates (1861 - 1865)
The Chart (below right) shows the Annualized Confederate Inflation Rate.  The Annual Inflation Rates are calculated from information provided  by the Richmond Civil War Centennial  Committee on the purchasing power of Confederate Notes. The table below shows the actual Confederate Treasury Note Inflation data that was used to develop this chart. At the beginning of the war on January 1, 1861 one Confederate dollar would purchase one gold dollar. By May it to
Wednesday, August 29, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Invention Of Discounting

Tuesday, August 28, 2018
Nick Barisheff - BMSINC
  August 15, 1971: Inflation Unleashed 
The general public, the media and most financial observers were largely unaware of the momentous event that took place on August 15, 1971. However, the implications of that event have had an enormous impact on global financial conditions ever since. On that date, US President Richard Nixon “closed the gold window”. In essence, this meant the US would no longer honour the Bretton Woods Agreement of 1944, which
Wednesday, August 15, 2018