Articles related to bank
John Paul Koning - Bullion Star
How California stayed with gold when the rest of the U.S. adopted fiat money
We are ten years into the age of bitcoin. But people are still using national currencies like yen, dollars, and pounds to buy things. What does history have to say about switches from one type of monetary system to another? In this post I’ll dig for lessons from California’s successful resistance to a fiat standard that was imposed on it in the 1860s by the rest of the U.
Saturday, January 19, 2019
Mac Slavo - ShtfPlan
2019: The Beginning Of The End (Free Premium Report)
 Now that it’s 2019, we’re going to start the new year here at Peak Prosperity by responding to the wishes of our premium subscribers and making our most recent premium report free to everyone. For those unfamiliar with our work, it’s based on the idea that humanity is hurtling towards a disaster of our own making. Several powerful and unsustainable trends
Monday, January 14, 2019
Jeff Clark - GoldSilver
How and Where to Buy Silver Coins
Looking to buy silver coins? You’ve come to the right place!This handy guide outlines everything you need to know, including the advantages of owning silver coins, the different coins available, the best coins to buy for investment, and where to buy them. We also include our “Investor’s Edge” with each section…Advantages of Silver CoinsMany investors don’t realize that silver coins offer benefits far beyond price appreciation.Consider the advantages you gain by buying silver coins. Similar to go
Sunday, January 6, 2019
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  Fielding my grandson’s questions about gold and banking
My grandson had quite a day at school.He had learned that the economy had been suffering from things called Panics, capital P, during the 19th century and had another big one in the early 20th century.He had been told that responsible, public-spirited men like J. P. Morgan had organized a central bank to prevent those Panics.He and other bankers finally got the government to go along with their idea and pass it into law in late 1913.And wouldn’t you know it — we’ve had no more Panics since then.
Saturday, January 5, 2019
Sprott Money
The Secret of Wealth Preservation - Jeff Nielson
We have a failure to communicate. The vast majority of the investment public in the Western world has no understanding – at all – about how to preserve and protect their wealth. Of the minority of the investment community with some understanding of wealth preservation, almost invariably it is a flawed understanding. Understanding wealth preservation begins with having a detailed and correct understanding of “money”. Understanding money begins with correctly comprehending the difference betwe
Saturday, January 5, 2019
Frank Shostak
  Why Fractional-Reserve Banking Would Be Limited in an Unhampered Market 
The so-called multiplier arises as a result of the fact that banks are legally permitted to use money that is placed in demand deposits. Banks treat this type of money as if it was loaned to them, thus loaning it out while simultaneously allowing depositors to spend that money.RELATED: "Austrians, Fractional Reserves, and the Money Multiplier" by Robert BatemarcoFor example, if John places $100 in demand deposit at Bank One he doesn't relinquish his claim over the deposited $100. He has unlimite
Friday, January 4, 2019
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
America's Forgotten War Against the Central Banks
"Let me issue and control a nation's money supply, and I care not who makes its laws." (Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty) Many prominent Americans such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson have argued and fought against the central banking polices used throughout Europe. A note issued by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve Note, is bank currency. These notes are given to the government in exchange for an interest-bearing g
Sunday, December 30, 2018
BullionStar - Bullion Star
The 5 Largest Gold Nuggets that Still Exist
Throughout gold rush and gold mining history, the discovery of a large gold nugget is a phenomenon which always causes excitement throughout a mining community as well as capturing the wider public's imagination. It has probably something to do with so much gold being found at the same time, often with relative ease. Gold nuggets can be found in alluvial deposits (sediments formed by water movement) or in other placer deposits (formed by other movement), but gold nuggets can also be found in or
Saturday, December 29, 2018
Frank Shostak
How Interest Rates Affect Time Preference — and Vice Versa
According to the writings of Carl Menger and Ludwig von Mises, the driving force of interest rate determination is individual’s time preferences. What is this all about?As a rule, people assign a higher valuation to present goods versus future goods. This means that present goods are valued at a premium to future goods.This stems from the fact that a lender or an investor gives up some benefits at present. Hence, the essence of the phenomenon of interest is the cost that a lender or an investor
Saturday, December 29, 2018
Frank Shostak
How Inflation and Unemployment Are Related
A fall in the US unemployment rate to 4.6% in November from 4.9% in the month before, and 5% in November last year, has prompted some commentators to suggest that we are almost at the so-called natural rate, which is believed to be at around 4.5%.It is held that once the unemployment rate falls below an "optimal" rate — called the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) — it sets off an inflationary spiral. This acceleration in the rate of inflation takes place through in
Saturday, December 1, 2018
Frank Shostak
Inflation Is Not About Price Increases
There is almost complete unanimity among economists and various commentators that inflation is about general increases in the prices of goods and services. From this it is established that anything that contributes to price increases sets in motion inflation.A fall in unemployment or a rise in economic activity is seen as a potential inflationary trigger. Some other triggers, such as rises in commodity prices or workers’ wages, are also regarded as potential threats.If inflation is just a genera
Friday, November 30, 2018
Frank Shostak
  Why It's Important to Define Money Correctly
Most economists hold that, since the early 1980s, correlations between various definitions of money and national income have broken down. The reason for this breakdown, it is held, is that financial deregulation has made the demand for money unstable. As a result it is held the usefulness of money as a predictor of economic events has significantly diminished.To fix the instability of the demand for money, economists have introduced a gauge of the money supply known as the Divisia monetary indic
Thursday, November 29, 2018
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 17, 2018
Frank Shostak
There Are Two Types of Credit — One of Them Leads to Booms and Busts
In the slump of a cycle, businesses that were thriving begin to experience difficulties or go under. They do so not because of firm-specific entrepreneurial errors but rather in tandem with whole sectors of the economy. People who were wealthy yesterday have become poor today. Factories that were busy yesterday are shut down today, and workers are out of jobs.Businessmen themselves are confused as to why. They cannot make sense of why certain business practices that were profitable yesterday are
Thursday, November 15, 2018
Robert P. Murphy
The Gold Standard Did not Cause the Great Depression
Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 19, no. 1 (Spring 2016): 101–111[The Midas Paradox: Financial Markets, Government Policy Shocks, and the Great Depression by Scott Sumner]The Midas Paradox is an impressive piece of scholarship, representing the magnum opus of economist Scott Sumner. What makes the book so unique is Sumner’s use of real-time financial data and press accounts in order to explain not just broad issues—such as, “What caused the Great Depression?”—but to offer commentary on th
Wednesday, November 14, 2018
Chris Powell - GATA
Chris Powell at New Orleans conference: Gold market manipulation update, November 2018
Since we met at this conference last year much new evidence of manipulation of the gold market by central banks and their bullion bank agents has been compiled and disclosed by the Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee. For example, a month ago a major bullion bank, the Bank of No
Saturday, November 3, 2018
Mark O'Byrne -
Gold Improves Investment, Pension and Central Bank Portfolio’s Risk-Adjusted Returns
 Hungary increases gold reserves 10 fold and central bank Governor sees gold as having “economic and national strategic importance” – Central banks diversifying into gold in order to ensure the national foreign exchange reserves are “safer” and to “reduce risk” – Gold allocation reduces volatility & enhances returns in investment & pension portfolios– As stocks sold off aggressively, gold & Google searches for ‘gold price’ rose significantly
Tuesday, October 30, 2018
Jesse - Le Cafe Américain
The Crash of 1929 -
"...people believed that everything was going to be great always, always. There was a feeling of optimism in the air that you cannot even describe today." "There was great hope. America came out of World War I with the economy intact. We were the only strong country in the world. The dollar was king. We had a very popular president in the middle of the decade, Calvin Coolidge, and an even more popular one elected in 1928, Herbert Hoover. So things looked pretty good." "The economy was changing
Monday, October 29, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
God, Gold and Guns
We’ve been looking into One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter. October 2, 2017: One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter October 14, 2017: One Nation Under Gold #2: The Silliness of the Bretton Woods Years Now, we will follow Ledbetter’s account of the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, up to the present. The account of the 1971 devaluation was, following the pattern of this book, long on details but short on insight. It seemed to people at the time that they “had no choice,” that
Tuesday, October 23, 2018
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
Skepticism reigns about the True state of Chinese central bank gold reserves
One of the most mysterious and unresolved questions in the gold world centers on how much gold reserves the Chinese State, through the Chinese central bank, actually holds. Since October 2016, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC), China’s central bank, has continued to announce unchanged gold reserves each month and persistently claims that its official gold reserves remain static at 1842 tonnes. That reporting comes through China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) and is also report
Friday, October 12, 2018