Articles related to lead
 
Lysander Spooner
Vices Are Not Crimes 
Vices are those acts by which a man harms himself or his property. Crimes are those acts by which one man harms the person or property of another. Vices are simply the errors which a man makes in his search after his own happiness. Unlike crimes, they imply no malice toward others, and no interference with their persons or property. In vices, the very essence of crime — that is, the design to injure the person or property of another — is wanting. It is a maxim of the law that there can be no crime without a criminal intent; that is, without the intent to invade the person or property of another. But no one ever practices a vice with any such criminal intent. He practices his vice for his own happiness solely, and not from any malice toward others.
Wednesday, January 27, 2021
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
The origin of cycles
It was Karl Marx who was among the first believers that cyclical behaviour was endemic to free markets.He lived through a time when there was a regular cycle of boom and bust, with phases of economic expansion followed by contraction. Workers were employed and then unemployed, and the only way this could be stopped, in Marxian economics, was for the workers to acquire the means of production, or more correctly, the state to do so on their behalf.Other economists, such as Jevons and Wicksell, rec
Sunday, January 24, 2021
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
The History of Money: Peru
Peru is the nineteenth largest country in the world and is a diverse land, both in terms of people and geography. It is populated by over 29.2 million peopl, largely descended from Spanish settlers, native Inca, and pre-Inca cultures. Peru has three national languages: Spanish, Aymara, and the native Quechua, reflecting the native Indian and Spanish roots that cultiv
Tuesday, January 19, 2021
Alan Leishman
Mineral Specimen Collecting: Silver and Gold
For the last 20 years, the author has been visiting mines, mineral fairs, and mineral dealers to purchase and self collect minerals from over 40 countries to date. One of his guiding inspirations was Peter Bancroft's excellent book Gem and Crystal Treasures which describes Bancroft's selection of the 100 localities for the worlds best mineral specimens. This essay will describe some of the background and history of famous localities, and the minerals found there. It is
Monday, January 18, 2021
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
  America's Forgotten War Against the Central Banks
"Let me issue and control a nation's money supply, and I care not who makes its laws." (Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty) Many prominent Americans such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson have argued and fought against the central banking polices used throughout Europe. A note issued by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve Note, is bank currency. These notes are given to the government in exchange for an interest-bearing g
Tuesday, January 5, 2021
Eugen Von Böhm-Bawerk - Mises.org
Our Passive Trade Balance
Editor's Note: Published in January 1914 in Neue Frei Presse,"Our Passive Trade Balance" (“Unsere passive Handelsbilanz”) would prove to be Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk's last publication before his death. Ludwig von Mises mentions the article in an essay written after Böhm-Bawerk's death, but to our knowledge, this is the first time the essay has appeared in English. Nathan Keeble located a scan of the article posted by the Austrian National Archives. Translation by Kai Weiss.]As is well known, the t
Saturday, December 19, 2020
Frank Shostak
How Interest Rates Affect Time Preference — and Vice Versa
According to the writings of Carl Menger and Ludwig von Mises, the driving force of interest rate determination is individual’s time preferences. What is this all about?As a rule, people assign a higher valuation to present goods versus future goods. This means that present goods are valued at a premium to future goods.This stems from the fact that a lender or an investor gives up some benefits at present. Hence, the essence of the phenomenon of interest is the cost that a lender or an investor
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
Gordon Long - Market Analytics
China Potentially Threatens a Near Term Us Treasury Short Squeeze!
Problems in China are looming on top of an already very tenuous and misunderstood situation in the US Financial Markets. Additionally, Federal Reserve Policy has made the situation even more combustible! As a result of a Trump Victory inspired bond market massacre there are now few places that a yield starved world can presently find better risk-adjusted yields than in US Treasuries. With China now being forced to sell their FX Reserves and thereby creating  the much needed supply so e
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
Benjamin Constant
On the Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns
He loved liberty as other men love power," was the judgment passed on Benjamin Constant by a 19th-century admirer. His great public concern, all throughout his adult life, was the attainment of a free society, especially for his adopted country, France; and if a (by no means uncritical) French commentator exag
Saturday, November 28, 2020
Lew Rockwell
  Why I Am an Anarcho-Capitalist 
A great many people – more than ever, probably – describe themselves as supporters of the free market today, in spite of the unrelenting propaganda against it. And that’s great. Those statements of support, however, are followed by the inevitable but: but we need government to provide physical security and dispute resolution, the most critical services of all. Almost without a thought, people who otherwise support the market want to assign to government the production of the most important goods
Tuesday, November 24, 2020
Frank Shostak
How Inflation and Unemployment Are Related
A fall in the US unemployment rate to 4.6% in November from 4.9% in the month before, and 5% in November last year, has prompted some commentators to suggest that we are almost at the so-called natural rate, which is believed to be at around 4.5%.It is held that once the unemployment rate falls below an "optimal" rate — called the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) — it sets off an inflationary spiral. This acceleration in the rate of inflation takes place through in
Tuesday, November 17, 2020
Mike Maloney - Goldsilver
  Common Gold Silver Pitfalls to Avoid 
Investing in gold and silver may seem simple and straightforward, however it is not. There are many types of ( quote, unquote ) "investments" in gold and silver you will want to avoid. Gold and silver dealers are no different from any other industry or crowd of people. Within our industry you will find many good honest professionals and organizations, but you will also find some bad outfits whose practices can be described as underhanded, even criminal. Being the Managing Director of
Monday, November 16, 2020
Frank Shostak
Inflation Is Not About Price Increases
There is almost complete unanimity among economists and various commentators that inflation is about general increases in the prices of goods and services. From this it is established that anything that contributes to price increases sets in motion inflation.A fall in unemployment or a rise in economic activity is seen as a potential inflationary trigger. Some other triggers, such as rises in commodity prices or workers’ wages, are also regarded as potential threats.If inflation is just a genera
Monday, November 16, 2020
Frederic Bastiat
Raw Materials
It is said that the most advantageous of all branches of trade is that which supplies manufactured commodities in exchange for raw materials. For these raw materials are the aliment and support of national labor. Hence the conclusion is drawn that the best law of customs is that which gives the greatest possible facility to the importation of raw materials, and which throws most obstacles in the way of importing finished goods. There is no fallacy in political economy more widely disseminated th
Monday, October 12, 2020
Jeff Clark - Casey Research
  What 10-Baggers (and 100-Baggers) Look Like 
Now that it appears clear the bottom is in for gold, it’s time to stop fretting about how low prices will drop and how long the correction will last—and start looking at how high they’ll go and when they’ll get there. When viewing the gold market from a historical perspective, one thing that’s clear is that the junior mining stocks tend to fluctuate between extreme boom and bust cycles. As a group, they’ll double in price, then crash by 75%... then double or triple or even quadruple again, onl
Sunday, October 11, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The New Austrian School of Economics 
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Saturday, October 3, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Hungarian Connection 
Gold is the most misunderstood metal in human history, because of the economists' failure to distinguish between its dynamic and static aspects in representing values. Economists have blithely assumed all along that the value of gold is the same whether it flows freely from one hand to the next, or whether the movement of gold is obstructed, in the worst case arrested, by the government (soon to be aped by banks and individuals
Friday, September 25, 2020
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Goldbug, Variations V
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Thursday, September 3, 2020
Jeff Clark - Casey Research
  Does Gold Keep up in Hyperinflation  
Inflation is anatural consequence of loose government monetary policy. If those policies get too loose, hyperinflation can occur. As gold investors,we'd like to know if the precious metals would keep pace in this extreme scenario. Hyperinflation is an extremely rapid period of inflation, but when does inflation (which can be manageable) cross the line and become out-of-control hyperinflation? PhilipCagan, one of the very first researchers of this phenomenon, defines hyperinflation as "an inflation rate of 50% or more in a single month, "something largely inconceivable to the average investor.
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
James Turk - Goldmoney
  What Did J.P. Morgan Mean 
The following exchange occurred on December 18, 1912 when J.P. Morgan – the most influential American financier and banker of his time – was called to testify before Congress. Mr Untermyer: I want to ask you a few questions bearing on the subject that you have touched upon this morning, as to the control of money. The control of credit involves a control of money, does it not? Mr Morgan: A control of credit? No. Mr Untermyer: But the basis of banking is credit,
Saturday, August 15, 2020
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