Articles related to reserve
 
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
Why Base Your Money On Gold A Simple Answer For First-Timers
The United States embraced the principle of a gold standard – a dollar whose value was linked to a defined quantity of gold – from 1789 to 1971, a stretch of 182 years. During this time, the U.S. was the most successful of any major country, expanding from thirteen war-ravaged states along the Atlantic
Friday, November 15, 2019
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Robert P. Murphy
The Gold Standard Did not Cause the Great Depression
Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 19, no. 1 (Spring 2016): 101–111[The Midas Paradox: Financial Markets, Government Policy Shocks, and the Great Depression by Scott Sumner]The Midas Paradox is an impressive piece of scholarship, representing the magnum opus of economist Scott Sumner. What makes the book so unique is Sumner’s use of real-time financial data and press accounts in order to explain not just broad issues—such as, “What caused the Great Depression?”—but to offer commentary on th
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
God, Gold and Guns
We’ve been looking into One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter. October 2, 2017: One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter October 14, 2017: One Nation Under Gold #2: The Silliness of the Bretton Woods Years Now, we will follow Ledbetter’s account of the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, up to the present. The account of the 1971 devaluation was, following the pattern of this book, long on details but short on insight. It seemed to people at the time that they “had no choice,” that
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
Blame Gold
We have been talking about The Midas Paradox (2015), by Scott Sumner. July 23, 2017: The Midas Paradox (2015), by Scott Sumner. As you probably guessed from the three-word title, the book can be summarized in two words, which are: “blame gold.” This, as we have seen, is actually a relatively new notion, even if it enjoys some popularity today. The general consensus, which later (after 1950) became the Keynesian consensus, did not blame gold, or indeed, monetary policy in general, for the Great D
Wednesday, July 3, 2019
Frank Shostak
  Why Wage Growth Is So Weak
The yearly growth rate of average hourly earnings in production and non-supervisory employment in the private sector eased to 2.3% in June from 2.4% in May.Many experts are puzzled by the subdued increase in workers earnings. After all, it is held the US economy has been in an expansionary phase for quite some time now. Softer real output growth important reason why hourly earnings remain under pressureAccording to the US Government’s own data, since 2000, in terms of industrial producti
Wednesday, June 19, 2019
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The View From 2011
Today, we will continue our discussion of the “gold sterilization” of 1937. June 18, 2017: The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937 June 25, 2017: The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937 #2: Fumbling and Bumbling We will look at an influential 2011 paper by Douglas Irwin, available here: http://www.nber.org/papers/w17595.pdf All in all, I think the paper is pretty good, at least in its basic descriptions. It meanders into the usual channels of pointless Monetarism, with some equally pointless math, but it does
Tuesday, June 11, 2019
Mike Maloney - Goldsilver
  Gold Silver Confiscation: Can the Government Seize Assets
One concern of retail precious metals investors is the possibility of a gold confiscation.Imagine having the forethought to buy gold to shield your finances from an economic or monetary crisis—only to have it taken away from you by your government. You’d lose not just the protective buffer you put in place but potentially a chunk of your net worth.Gold confiscation may sound preposterous to investors used to securities or real estate. But it’s happened in the past enough times to make it a reaso
Saturday, June 1, 2019
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
The “Gold Sterilization” of 1937
Today, we will start investigating the U.S. recession of 1937, and along with that, claims that the Federal Reserve caused it by some sort of misbehavior. As is our usual practice, we will begin with just looking at some general information about that time. Industrial production had a short, sharp shock in 1937. Here’s what it looked like in terms of nominal GDP: I am not going to try to disentangle what was going on at that time. There were a lot of things, from the introduction of Social Sec
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Jeff Clark - Casey Research
Should I Buy Numismatic Coins 3 Risks of Collectible Gold Coins
Numismatic coins can be a fun hobby, and can offer the collector a beautiful timepiece from interesting periods in history.Unfortunately, many novice investors that dabble in this market have lost money. And in many of those cases, the price of gold actually rose while the coins were held!How can an investor lose money on valuable rare coins? And why don’t they rise with the gold price?This article highlights three specific risks investors take with numismatics. Let’s co
Wednesday, May 15, 2019
Ronan Manly - Bullion Star
New Gold Pool at the BIS Basle, Switzerland: Part 1
“In the Governor’s absence I attended the meeting in Zijlstra’s room in the BIS on the afternoon of Monday, 10th December to continue discussions about a possible gold pool. Emminger, de la Geniere, de Strycker, Leutwiler, Larre and Pohl were present.”      13 December 1979 – Kit McMahon to Gordon Richardson, Bank of England Introduction A central bank Gold Pool which many people will be familiar with operated in the gold market between November 1961 and March 1968. That Gold Pool was known as t
Thursday, April 18, 2019
Chris Powell - GATA
  State Dept. memo explains U.S. policy to drive gold out of financial system
A long memorandum written in March 1974 by a U.S. State Department official for Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and copied to future Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, then the Treasury Department's undersecretary for monetary affairs, describes the desire of the United States and its options to prevent European countries from increasing the use of gold in the international financial system. The memo, titled "Gold and the Monetary System: Potential U.S.-E.C. Conflict," was recently discov
Monday, April 15, 2019
Sprott Money
Death Valley Snowballs and Fiat Currencies - Gary Christenson
Keep it simple! Snowballs have a short life expectancy in Death Valley. Fiat currencies, backed by credit and debt, survive longer than snowballs in Death Valley, but history shows all fiat currencies are inflated into worthlessness and eventually die. “U.S. dollars have value only to the extent that they are strictly limited in supply.” Ben Bernanke on November 21, 2002. But we know the supply of dollars has grown rapidly since 1971, and especially after the 2008 crisis while Berna
Sunday, March 3, 2019
Frank Shostak
Why We Now Measure Gold in Dollars — and Not the Other Way Around
Prior to 1933, the name "dollar" was used to refer to a unit of gold that had a weight of 23.22 grains. Since there are 480 grains in one ounce, this means that the name dollar also stood for 0.048 ounce of gold. This in turn, means that one ounce of gold referred to $20.67.Observe that $20.67 is not the price of one ounce of gold in terms of dollars as popular thinking has it, for there is no such entity as a dollar. Dollar is just a name for 0.048 ounce of gold. On this Rothbard wrote,No one p
Sunday, February 24, 2019
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
The origin of cycles
It was Karl Marx who was among the first believers that cyclical behaviour was endemic to free markets.He lived through a time when there was a regular cycle of boom and bust, with phases of economic expansion followed by contraction. Workers were employed and then unemployed, and the only way this could be stopped, in Marxian economics, was for the workers to acquire the means of production, or more correctly, the state to do so on their behalf.Other economists, such as Jevons and Wicksell, rec
Thursday, February 7, 2019
Graham Summer - Gains Pains & Capital
The West Will Become The New ‘Third World’: PricewaterhouseCoopers 
Hold your real assets outside of the banking system in one of many private international facilities  -->    https://www.sprottmoney.com/intlstorage  The West Will Become The New ‘Third World’: PricewaterhouseCoopers Written by Jeff Nielson (CLICK HERE FOR ORIGINAL) First World The term “First World” refers to so called developed, capitalist, industrial countries, roughly, a bloc of countries aligned with the United States after word war II, with more or less common political and economi
Wednesday, January 30, 2019
Bullion Vault
Gold Bullion Gains Extend ETF Growth as Inflation Worries Hit 'Even the Yellen Fed'
GOLD BULLION held around $1240 per ounce in London trade Thursday, retaining its 3-month high as commodity markets pushed towards new 18-month records. With energy costs already driving up headline inflation rates worldwide, Brent crude oil today rose above $55 per barrel as Nymex natural gas contracts traded 90% above their price of this time last year. Silver bullion held firm wit
Saturday, January 26, 2019
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
The History of Money: Peru
Peru is the nineteenth largest country in the world and is a diverse land, both in terms of people and geography. It is populated by over 29.2 million peopl, largely descended from Spanish settlers, native Inca, and pre-Inca cultures. Peru has three national languages: Spanish, Aymara, and the native Quechua, reflecting the native Indian and Spanish roots that cultiv
Friday, January 25, 2019
Mac Slavo - ShtfPlan
2019: The Beginning Of The End (Free Premium Report)
 Now that it’s 2019, we’re going to start the new year here at Peak Prosperity by responding to the wishes of our premium subscribers and making our most recent premium report free to everyone. For those unfamiliar with our work, it’s based on the idea that humanity is hurtling towards a disaster of our own making. Several powerful and unsustainable trends
Monday, January 14, 2019
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  Fielding my grandson’s questions about gold and banking
My grandson had quite a day at school.He had learned that the economy had been suffering from things called Panics, capital P, during the 19th century and had another big one in the early 20th century.He had been told that responsible, public-spirited men like J. P. Morgan had organized a central bank to prevent those Panics.He and other bankers finally got the government to go along with their idea and pass it into law in late 1913.And wouldn’t you know it — we’ve had no more Panics since then.
Saturday, January 5, 2019
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