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Fate of Paper Money

IMG Auteur
Publié le 28 juin 2008
5947 mots - Temps de lecture : 14 - 23 minutes
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Rubrique : Editoriaux





"Paper money eventually returns to its intrinsic value - zero." (Voltaire, 1694-1778)


The first well-known widespread use of paper money was in China during the Tang (618-907 A.D.) dynasty around 800 A.D. Paper money spread to the city of Tabriz, Persia in 1294 and to parts of India and Japan between 1319 to 1331. However, its use was very short-lived in these regions. In Persia, the merchants refused to recognize the new money, thus bringing trade to a standstill. By 1455, after over 600 years, the Chinese abandoned paper money due to numerous problems of over issuance and hyperinflation.


24hGold - Fate of Paper Money


Figure 1. This Kuan note is the oldest known banknote in the world. It was made in China circa 1380.


Paper money did not arrive in Europe till 1633 with the earliest known English goldsmith certificates being used not only as receipts for reclaiming deposits but also as evidence of ability to pay.


In 1656, the Bank of Sweden is founded with a charter that authorizes it to accept deposits, grant loans and mortgages, and issue bills of credit.


By 1660, the English Goldsmiths' receipts became a convenient alternative to handling coins or bullion. The realisation by goldsmiths that borrowers would find them just as convenient as depositors marks the start of the use of banknotes in England.


In 1661, the Bank of Sweden becomes first chartered bank in Europe to issues notes known as the paper daler.


24hGold - Fate of Paper Money


Figure 2. A 50-Daler note from the Bank of Sweden issued in 1666.


At present there are 177 currencies being used in the world. Below is a list containing all currencies currently in circulation. Not all currencies are widely used and accepted, such as the various banknotes of the pound sterling.


Currency Name (Currency Code)

Inception

Duration

Venezuela Bolivar Fuerte

2008

7 mos.

Ghana Cedi (GHS)

2007

1

Sudanese Pound (SDG)

2007

1

Turkish New Lira (TRY)

2005

3

Suriname Dollar (SRD)

2004

4

Afghanistan Afghani (AFN)

2002

6

Yugoslav Noviy (Super) Dinar (SCD)

2002

6

Transnistrian New Ruble (PDN)

2001

7

Belarus Newer Ruble (BYR)

2000

8

Tajikistan Somoni (TJS)

2000

8

Angola Kwanza (new) (AOA)

1999

9

Bulgarian New Lev (BGN)

1999

9

Euro (EUR)

1999

9

Russian Federation New Ruble (RUB)

1999

9

Congolese Franc (CDF)

1998

10

Eritrean Nakfa (ERN)

1997

11

Ukraine Hryvnia (UAH)

1996

12

Bosnia Convertible Mark (BAM)

1995

13

Georgia Larit (GEL)

1995

13

Polish New Zloty (PLN)

1995

13

Serbian Dinar (RSD)

1994

14

Brazil Real (BRL)

1994

14

Croatian Kuna (HRK)

1994

14

Cuba "Peso Convertible" (CUC)

1994

14

Yugoslav Noviy (Super) Dinar (YUM)

1994

14

Somaliland Shilling (SQS)

1994

14

Uzbekistan Sum (UZS)

1994

14

Armenian Dram (AMD)

1993

15

Azerbaijan Manat (AZM)

1993

15

Colombia Peso (COP)

1993

15

Czech Koruna (CZK)

1993

15

Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT)

1993

15

Kyrgyzstan Som (KGS)

1993

15

Latvia Lat (LVL)

1993

15

Lithuania Lita (LTL)

1993

15

Macedonian New Denar (MKD)

1993

15

Mexico New Peso (MXN)

1993

15

Moldovan Leu (MDL)

1993

15

Myanmark Dollar Foreign Exchange Certificates (MMX)

1993

15

Namibia Dollar (NAD)

1993

15

Turkmenistan Manat (TMM)

1993

15

Uruguay Peso Uruguayo (UYU)

1993

15

Argentina Peso Convertible (ARS)

1992

16

Estonia Kroon (EEK)

1992

16

Slovak Koruna (SKK)

1992

16

Slovenia Tolar (SIT)

1992

16

Nicaragua Cordoba Oro (NIO)

1991

17

Peru Sol Nuevo (PEN)

1991

17

Yemeni Rial (YER)

1990

18

Myanmar Kyat (MMK)

1989

19

Bolivian Boliviano (New) (BOB)

1987

21

Cook Islands Dollar (CKD)*

1987

21

Uganda New Shilling (UGX)

1987

21

Aruba Guilder (AWG)

1986

22

New Franc Guineen (GNF)

1986

22

Israel New Shekel (ILS)

1985

23

Viet Nam Dong (VND)

1985

23

Madagascar Ariary (MGA)

1983

25

Iceland Krona (ISK)

1981

27

Maldive Islands Rufiyaa (MVR)

1981

27

Vanuatu Vatu (VUV)

1981

27

Mozambique Metical (MZM)

1980

28

Cambodia New Riel (KHR)

1980

28

Lesotho (Ma)Loti (LSL)

1980

28

Zimbabwe Dollar (ZWD)

1980

28

Laos New Kip (LAK)

1979

29

Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)

1978

30

Djibouti Franc (DJF)

1977

31

Sao Tome and Principe Dobra (STD)

1977

31

Solomon Islands Dollar (SBD)

1977

31

Botswana Pula (BWP)

1976

32

Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

1976

32

Chilean Peso (CLP)

1975

33

Comoros Franc (KMF)

1975

33

Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK)

1975

33

Belize Dollar (BZD)

1974

34

Bhutan Ngultrum (BTN)

1974

34

Somali Shilin Soomaali (SOS)

1974

34

Swaziland Lilangeni (SZL)

1974

34

Barbados Dollar (BBD)

1973

35

Mauritania Ouguiya (MRO)

1973

35

Nigerian Naira (NGN)

1973

35

Qatari Rial (QAR)

1973

35

United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED)

1973

35

Bangladesh Taka (BDT)

1972

36

Rial Omani (OMR)

1972

36

Cayman Islands Dollar (KYD)

1971

37

Gambia Dalasi (GMD)

1971

37

Northern Irish Pound (IBP)

1971

37

Libyan Dinar (LYD)

1971

37

Malawi Kwacha (MWK)

1971

37

Scotland Pound (SSP)

1971

37

Bermudan Dollar (BMD)

1970

38

Fiji Dollar (FJD)

1969

39

Jamaica Dollar (JMD)

1969

39

Maltese Lira (MTL)

1968

40

Zambian Kwacha (ZMK)

1968

40

Brunei Dollar (BND)

1967

41

New Zealand Dollar (NZD)

1967

41

Western Samoa Ta'la (WST)

1967

41

Singapore Dollar (SGD)

1967

41

Australian Dollar (AUD)

1966

42

Bahamas Dollar (BSD)

1966

42

Kenyan Shilling (KES)

1966

42

Tanzania Shilling (TZS)

1966

42

Tonga Pa'anga (TOP)

1966

42

Albanian "Heavy" Lek (ALL)

1965

43

Bahraini Dinar (BHD)

1965

43

Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)

1965

43

Algerian Dinar (DZD)

1964

44

Burundi Franc (BIF)

1964

44

Rwanda Franc (RWF)

1964

44

Sierra Leone Leone (SLL)

1964

44

Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)

1963

45

South Korean Won (KRW)

1962

46

Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)

1961

47

South African Rand (ZAR)

1961

47

Franc Metropolitan (XMF)

1960

48

Tunisian Dinar (TND)

1960

48

North Korea New Won (KPW)

1959

49

Moroccan Dirham (MAD)

1959

49

Tunisian Dinar (TND)

1958

50

French Polynesian CFP Franc (XPF)

1957

51

Chinese Renminbi Yuan (CNY)

1953

55

Romanian Leu (RON)

1952

56

Saudi Riyal (SAR)

1952

56

Jordan Dinar (JOD)

1950

58

Faeroe Islands Kronur (FOK)

1949

59

Taiwan New Dollar (TWD)

1949

59

Lebanese Pound (LBP)

1948

60

Pakistan Rupee (PKR)

1948

60

Syrian Pound (SYP)

1948

60

Dominican Republic Peso Oro (DOP)

1947

61

Hungary Forint (HUF)

1946

62

Liberian Dollar (LRD)

1944

64

Paraguay Guarani (PYG)

1943

65

West African CFA Franc (XOF)

1941

67

Central African CFA Franc (XAF)

1941

67

Mauritius Rupee (MUR)

1934

74

Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

1933

75

Iranian Rial (IRR)

1932

76

Iraqi Dinar (IQD)

1931

77

Thailand Baht (THB)

1928

80

Gibraltar Pound (GIP)

1713

81

Honduras Lempira (HNL)

1926

82

Guatemala Quetzal (GTQ)

1925

83

Liechtenstein Franc (LIF)*

1921

87

El Salvador Colon (SVC)

1919

89

Guyana Dollar (GYD)

1916

92

Mongolia Tugrik (MNT)

1915

93

Cape Verde Escudo (CVE)

1914

94

Cyprus Pound (CYP)

1914

94

Falkland Islands Pound (FKP)

1908

100

French Pacific Territories Franc (XPF)

1905

103

Norway Krone (NOK)

1905

103

Somali N-Shilling (SON)

1905

103

Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD)

1905

103

Panama Balboa (PAB)

1903

105

Macao Pataca (MOP)

1901

107

Saint Helena Pound (SHP)

1901

107

Seychelles Rupee (SCR)

1900

108

Philippine Piso (PHP)

1898

110

Costa Rican Colon (CRC)

1896

112

Hong Kong Dollar (HKD)

1895

113

Egyptian Pound (EGP)

1885

123

Danish Krone (DKK)

1873

135

Swedish Krona (SEK)

1873

135

Haiti Gourde (HTG)

1872

136

Japanese Yen (JPY)

1871

137

Cuban Peso (CUP)

1859

149

Canadian Dollar (CAD)

1858

150

Guernsey Pound Sterling (GGP)

1827

181

India Rupee (INR)

1823

185

Netherlands Antillan Guilder (ANG)

1821

187

Swiss Franc (CHF)

1799

209

US Dollar (USD)

1792

216

Pound Sterling (GBP)

1694

314

The median age for a live currency is 37 years and at least one, the Zimbabwe dollar, is in the throes of hyperinflation.


Excluding the early paper currencies of China up until the 15th century and the majority of paper currencies that existed in China until 1935, there are 609 currencies no longer in circulation. Of these, at least 153 were destroyed as a result of hyperinflation caused by over-issuance. The remainder were revalued, destroyed by military occupation/liberation, renamed for political reasons, or were converted to another currency. The median age for these currencies is only seventeen years.


Currency Name (Currency Code)

Inception

Demonetized

Duration
(Years)

Destroyed by
Hyperinflation

DDR Kuponmark (DDK)

1948

1948

1 mo.

Yes

Yugoslav 1994 Dinar (YUG)

1994

1994

1 mo.

Yes

Hungarian Bilpengoe (HUB)

1946

1946

1.5 mos.

Yes

German Gold Mark (DEG)

1923

1923

2 mos.

Yes

Hungarian Adopengoe (HUA)

1946

1946

2 mos.

Yes

Netherlands Rijksdaalder (NLX)

1904

1904

2.5 mos.


Slovenia Laibach Lira (SIL)

1944

1944

2.5 mos.


Hungarian Milpengoe (HUM)

1946

1946

3 mos.

Yes

North Korean Won (KPO)

1959

1959

3 mos.

Yes

Kazakhstan Ruble (KZR)

1993

1993

3 mos.

Yes

Yugoslav October Dinar (YUO)

1993

1993

3 mos.

Yes

Krajina (Serbian Republic) October Dinar (HRKO)

1993

1994

3 mos.

Yes

Polish Zloty Lublin (PLL)

1944

1945

4 mos.


Serbian Republic October Dinar (BASO)

1993

1994

4 mos.


Hungarian Red Army Pengoe (HUR)

1945

1945

6 mos.

Yes

Rupiah Kepulauan Riau (IDRR)

1963

1964

8.5 mos.


Uzbekistan Coupon Sum (UZC)

1993

1994

8.5 mos.

Yes

Japan Base Metal Kammon (JPK)

1904

1905

9 mos.

Yes

Japan Silver Momme (JPM)

1904

1905

9 mos.

Yes

Japan Gold Oban (JPO)

1904

1905

9 mos.

Yes

Lithuania Talonas (LTT)

1992

1993

9 mos.

Yes

Ukraine Karbovanetz (UAK)

1992

1993

11 mos.

Yes

Transnistrian Ruble (PDR)

1994

1994

11 mos.

Yes

French Franc (Assignats) (FRA)

1795

1796

1

Yes

French Franc (Mandats Territorial) (FRM)

1796

1797

1

Yes

Confederate States Reformed Dollar (CSAR)

1864

1865

1

Yes

German New Guinea Mark (PGM)

1914

1915

1


German Southwest Africa Mark (NAP)

1914

1915

1


Transcaucasian Ruble (ZKRR)

1917

1918

1


Austrian Krone (ATK)

1918

1919

1


North Russian Ruble (RUNR)

1919

1920

1


East Africa Florin (XEAF)

1920

1922

1


Russian Ruble of 1922 (RUFR)

1922

1922

1

Yes

Soviet Ruble of 1923 (SUB)

1923

1924

1

Yes

Austrian Allied Military Schillings (ATM)

1944

1945

1


Czechoslovak Red Army Korunu (CSR)

1944

1945

1


Romanian Red Army Leu (ROR)

1944

1945

1

Yes

Azerbaijan Toman (IRZT)

1945

1946

1


Sinkiang Gold Yuan (CNSG)

1948

1949

1


Chinese Gold Chin Yuan (CNG)

1948

1949

1

Yes

Ghana Old Cedi (GHO)

1965

1967

1


Brazil Cruzado Novo (BRN)

1989

1990

1

Yes

Slovenia Tolar Bons (SIB)

1991

1992

1


Moldovan Ruble Kupon (MDR)

1991

1992

1

Yes

Moldovan Leu Cupon (MDC)

1992

1993

1


Albanian Lek Valute (ALV)

1992

1993

1


Serbian Republic Reformed Dinar (BASR)

1992

1993

1

Yes

Krajina (Serbian Republic) Reformed Dinar (HRKR)

1992

1993

1

Yes

Latvia Ruble (LVR)

1992

1993

1

Yes

Macedonian Denar (MKN)

1992

1993

1

Yes

Yugoslav Reformed Dinar (YUR)

1992

1993

1

Yes

Brazil Cruzeiro Real (BRR)

1993

1994

1

Yes

Maryland Red Shillings (CMDR)

1781

1783

2


New Jersey New Shilling (CNJN)

1781

1783

2


Vermont State Shilling (CVTS)

1781

1783

2


Haiti New Paper Gourde (HTN)

1870

1872

2

Yes

Peru Inca (PER)

1880

1882

2


Germany Darlenskasse Ost Ruble (DEOR)

1916

1918

2


Armenian Ruble (AMR)

1918

1920

2


Azerbaijan Republic Ruble (AZR)

1918

1920

2


Khiva Tenga (KHVT)

1918

1920

2


Soviet Armenian Ruble (AMSR)

1920

1922

2


Soviet Azerbaijan Ruble (AZSR)

1920

1922

2


Far Eastern Republic Ruble (DBRR)

1920

1922

2


Soviet Transcaucasian Ruble (ZKSR)

1922

1924

2


Spanish Nationalist Peseta (ESPN)

1936

1939

2


Reichs Karbowanez (UAC)

1942

1944

2


US "Hawaiian" Dollar (USDH)

1942

1944

2


Italy American Military Lira (ITA)

1943

1945

2


Italy British Military Lira (ITB)

1943

1945

2


Italy "Badaglio" Lira (ITLB)

1943

1945

2


Italy "Mussolini" Lira (ITLM)

1943

1945

2


Korean Military Won (KROM)

1945

1947

2


French Franc Nouveau (FRF)

1960

1962

2


Biafran Pound (BIAP)

1968

1970

2


Oman Rial Saidi (OMS)

1970

1972

2


Argentina Peso Argentino (ARP)

1983

1985

2

Yes

Yugoslav Convertible Dinar (YUN)

1990

1992

2

Yes

Belarus Ruble (BYL)

1992

1994

2


Bosnia Dinar (BAD)

1992

1994

2

Yes

Georgia Kupon Larit (GEK)

1993

1995

2

Yes

Krajina (Serbian Republic) 1994 Dinar (HRKG)

1994

1996

2

Yes

Maryland Black Shillings (CMDB)

1780

1783

3


Confederate States Dollar (CSAD)

1861

1864

3


Mexico "Inconvertible" Paper Peso (MXI)

1913

1916

3


Georgian Ruble (GER)

1918

1921

3


Danzig Mark (DZGM)

1920

1923

3


Soviet Khiva Ruble (SUVT)

1920

1923

3


Memel Mark (MMLM)

1920

1923

3


Canton Dollar (CNDC)

1935

1938

3


Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Gulden (IDDJ)

1941

1944

3

Yes

Romania Infinex Leu (ROI)

1941

1944

3

Yes

Philippine Guerilla Peso (PHG)

1942

1945

3


Malaya Gumpyo Dollar (MYAG)

1942

1945

3

Yes

Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Roepiah (NIDR)

1943

1946

3


Nationalist Manchurian Yuan (CNNY)

1945

1948

3


Japanese Allied Yen (JPA)

1945

1948

3


German Allied Mark (DEA)

1945

1948

3

Yes

German Sperrmark (DES)

1951

1954

3


Portuguese India Escudo (INPE)

1959

1962

3


Reunion Franc (REF)

1959

1962

3

Yes

Katanga Franc (KATF)

1960

1963

3


Viet Nam South Dong (VNS)

1975

1978

3


Laos Liberation Kip (LAL)

1976

1979

3

Yes

Brazil Cruzado (BRC)

1986

1989

3

Yes

Nicaragua Cordoba (NIC)

1988

1991

3

Yes

Brazil Cruzeiro (BRE)

1990

1993

3

Yes

Russian Ruble (RUR)

1991

1994

3


Bosnia New Dinar (BAN)

1994

1997

3


Alabama Confederate Dollar (CSALD)

1861

1865

4


Arkansas Confederate Dollar (CSAKD)

1861

1865

4


Florida Confederate Dollar (CSFLD)

1861

1865

4


Georgia Confederate Dollar (CSGAD)

1861

1865

4


Louisiana Confederate Dollar (CSLAD)

1861

1865

4


Mississippi Confederate Dollar (CSMSD)

1861

1865

4


North Carolina Confederate Dollar (CSNCD)

1861

1865

4


South Carolina Confederate Dollar (CSSCD)

1861

1865

4


Tennessee Confederate Dollar (CSTND)

1861

1865

4


Texas Confederate Dollar (CSTXD)

1861

1865

4


Spanish Escudo (ESE)

1864

1868

4


Yugoslav Kronen (YUK)

1918

1922

4


Ruble Sovnazki (RUFS)

1918

1922

4


Latvia Ruble (LVB)

1918

1922

4

Yes

Russian Ruble Sovnazki (RUFS)

1918

1922

4

Yes

Soviet Bukhara Ruble (BKSR)

1920

1924

4


Germany Behelfszahlungsmittel (XDEB)

1940

1944

4

Yes

Nanking/CRB Yuan (CNPN)

1941

1945

4


Burmese Gumpyo Rupee (BUG)

1941

1945

4


Croatian Kuna (HRC)

1941

1945

4


Hong Kong Military Yen (HKG)

1941

1945

4


Philippine Gumpyo Peso (PHJ)

1941

1945

4


Japanese Military Yen (XJPM)

1941

1945

4

Yes

French Indochina Military Yen (ICFG)

1941

1945

4

Yes

Oceania Gumpyo Pound (XOGP)

1941

1945

4

Yes

Serbian Dinar (SRDD)

1941

1945

4

Yes

New Hebrides Franc (NHF)

1941

1945

4


French Franc (Allied Military Provisional) (FRP)

1944

1948

4


Djibouti CFA Franc (DJC)

1945

1949

4


Indonesia Guerilla Rupiah (IDG)

1945

1949

4


Taiwan Nationalist Yuan (TWN)

1945

1949

4

Yes

German Bekomark

1954

1958

4


German Libkamark

1954

1958

4


Ruanda-Urundi Franc (BRIF)

1960

1964

4


Algerian New Franc (DZF)

1960

1964

4


Zambian Pound (ZMP)

1964

1968

4


Congolese Zaire (CDZ)

1967

1971

4


Croatian Dinar (HRD)

1991

1995

4


Tatarstan Shamil (RUTS)

1992

1996

4


Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

1993

1997

4


Afghanistan Dostumi Afghani (AFAD)

1998

2002

4

Yes

Afghanistan Rabbini Afghani (AFAR)

1998

2002

4

Yes

Greek Phoenix (GRP)

1828

1833

5


South African Republic Pound (ZAPP)

1905

1910

5


Serbian Dinar (SRBD)

1913

1918

5


Southwest Africa Mark (NAM)

1915

1920

5


Ukraine Grivna (UAG)

1917

1922

5


Rif Republic Riffan (MARR)

1921

1926

5


Italian East Africa Lira (AOIL)

1936

1941

5


Polish Cracow Zloty (PLK)

1940

1945

5


Slovak Koruna (SKO)

1940

1945

5


Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Roepiah (IDDR)

1941

1946

5

Yes

Indonesia "Java" Rupiah (IDJ)

1945

1950

5


Indonesia "Nica" Guilder (IDD)

1945

1950

5


Romanian New Leu (RON)

1947

1952

5

Yes

Chinese Old Jen Min Piao Yuan (CNP)

1948

1953

5

Yes

Bahraini Dinar (AED)

1971

1976

5


Israel Shekel (ILL)

1980

1985

5


Zairean New Zaire (ZRN)

1993

1998

5

Yes

Angola Kwanza Reajustado (AOR)

1995

2000

5

Yes

Tajikistan Ruble (TJR)

1995

2000

5

Yes

French Livre (Assignats) (FRL)

1789

1795

6

Yes

West Indies Joe (GYJ)

1830

1836

6


Fiume Krone (FIUK)

1918

1924

6


Estonia Marka (EEM)

1918

1924

6

Yes

Bohemia and Moravia Koruna (CSM )

1939

1945

6


Japan Military Yen (CNPY)

1939

1945

6

Yes

Germany Reichskreditkassenscheine (XDEK)

1940

1946

6


North Viet Nam Piastre Dong Viet (VDD )

1953

1959

6

Yes

Rhodesian Pound (RHP)

1964

1970

6


Peru Inti (PEI)

1985

1991

6

Yes

Transnistrian Kupon Ruble (PDK)

1994

2000

6

Yes

Connecticut Continental Shilling (CCTS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Delaware Continental Shilling (CDES)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Maryland Continental Shilling (CMDS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Massachusetts Continental Shilling (CMAS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

New Jersey Continental Shilling (CNJS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

New York Continental Shilling (CNYS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

North Carolina Continental Shilling (CNCS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Pennsylvania Continental Shilling (CPAS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Rhode Island Continental Shilling (CRHS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

South Carolina Continental Shilling (CSCS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Virginia Continental Shilling (CVAS)

1776

1783

7

Yes

Georgia Continental Shilling (CGAS)

1776

1783

7


New Hampshire Continental Shilling (CNHS)

1776

1783

7


Hungarian Korona (HUK)

1918

1925

7

Yes

Viet Minh Piastre Dong Viet (VDP)

1946

1953

7


Congolese Republic Franc (CDG)

1960

1967

7

Yes

Gambia Pound (GMP)

1964

1971

7


Malawi Pound (MWP)

1964

1971

7


Qatar-Dubai Riyal (XQDR)

1966

1973

7


Peseta Guineana (GQP)

1968

1975

7


Viet Nam New Dong (VNN)

1978

1985

7


Equatorial Guinea Franco (GQF)

1985

1992

7


Argentina Austral (ARA)

1985

1992

7

Yes

Russian Federation Ruble (RUR)

1991

1998

7

Yes

Belarus New Ruble (BYB)

1994

2001

7

Yes

Massachusetts Shilling Middle Tenor (CMAM)

1741

1749

8


Massachusetts Shilling New Tenor (CMAN)

1741

1749

8


New Hampshire Lawful Shilling (CNHL)

1755

1763

8


Chinese Paper Tael (CNTP)

1853

1861

8


Montenegro Perper (MEP)

1910

1918

8


Kiau Chau Dollar (JPY)

1914

1922

8


Germany Darlenskasse Ost Mark (DEOM)

1914

1922

8


Ottoman Empire Paper Lira (XOTL)

1914

1922

8


Polish Marka (PLM)

1916

1924

8


German Kreditsperrmark (DERK)

1931

1939

8

Yes

German Effektensperrmark (DERE)

1931

1939

8

Yes

Czechoslovak New Koruna (CSC)

1945

1953

8


Irian Barat Rupiah (IDIR)

1963

1971

8


Connecticut Dollar (CCTD)

1783

1792

9


Delaware Dollar (CDED)

1783

1792

9


Georgia Dollar (CGAD)

1783

1792

9


Maryland Dollar (CMDD)

1783

1792

9


Massachusetts Dollar (CMAD)

1783

1792

9


New Hampshire Dollar (CNHD)

1783

1792

9


New Jersey Dollar (CNJD)

1783

1792

9


New York Dollar (CNYD)

1783

1792

9


North Carolina Dollar (CNCD)

1783

1792

9


Pennsylvania Dollar (CPAD)

1783

1792

9


Rhode Island Dollar (CRHD)

1783

1792

9


South Carolina Dollar (CSCD)

1783

1792

9


Virginia Dollar (CVAD)

1783

1792

9


Fiji Old Dollar (FJO)

1865

1874

9


Peking/Tientsin/Northern China/FRB Yuan (CNPP)

1935

1944

9


Meng Chiang (Bank of Inner Mongolia) Yuan (CNPM)

1936

1945

9


Sinkiang Yuan (CNSY)

1939

1948

9

Yes

German Registermark (XRDERM/DERR)

1939

1948

9

Yes

German Handelsperrmark (DERH)

1939

1948

9

Yes

German Reichskreditkassenschein (XDEK)

1939

1948

9

Yes

South Korean Hwan (KRH)

1953

1962

9


Rhodesia and Nyasaland Federation Pound (RHFP)

1956

1965

9


Liberian Liberty Dollars (LRDL)

1991

2000

9