Articles related to Paper money
 
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
  The Story of Gold Money, Past, Present and Future, by Edwin Walter Kemmerer
There aren’t a lot of good books about the gold standard — the monetary system of the world until 1971 — after WWI. There aren’t a lot before WWI either, but it starts to get pretty bad after 1920. Ralph Hawtrey’s books have some merits, but they also have too many errors to serve as a definitive source. Gold and the Gold Standard: The Story of Gold Money, Past, Present and Future (1944) is something of an exception to this pattern. Edwin Walter Kemmerer was a professor at Princeton. Wikipedia o
Tuesday, March 26, 2019
Michael S. Rozeff - Mike S. Rozeff
  The US Constitution and Money 
This article outlines what the U.S. Constitution’s clauses and references to money mean. It examines constitutional money from a legal perspective. It does not examine money and banking from an ethical, economic, or political point of view. The idea is simply to set down in the clearest terms possible what kind of money is legal in the U.S., according to the Constitution, and what kind of money is not.
Wednesday, March 20, 2019
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
A beginner's guide to investing in Gold 
One’s motivation for buying gold is fundamental to deciding in which form you should buy it. Are you a speculator, investor or saver? Do you wish to take a short term speculative position in gold? Are you investing for the short, medium or long term? Or are you diversifying, saving or using gold as a form of financial insurance?
Sunday, March 10, 2019
David Morgan - Silver Investor
  Correcting Antal Fekete's Historical Silver Errors 
In "The Double Whammy of Geopolitical Gold Games reposted in February 2013 (from January 31, 2008) by Antal Fekete he stated some errors of fact! Marco Polo, guide us on this excursion to China! Bruce Lee, help our reflexes to be as fast as yours! May we not be slap happy like Jackie Chan! Wo Fat, do not mislead us! Antal mentioned China's silver money system going back to the 16th century, then stated" "CHINA'S EXTERNAL TRADE WAS INSIGNIFIC
Saturday, March 2, 2019
Frank Shostak
Why We Now Measure Gold in Dollars — and Not the Other Way Around
Prior to 1933, the name "dollar" was used to refer to a unit of gold that had a weight of 23.22 grains. Since there are 480 grains in one ounce, this means that the name dollar also stood for 0.048 ounce of gold. This in turn, means that one ounce of gold referred to $20.67.Observe that $20.67 is not the price of one ounce of gold in terms of dollars as popular thinking has it, for there is no such entity as a dollar. Dollar is just a name for 0.048 ounce of gold. On this Rothbard wrote,No one p
Sunday, February 24, 2019
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
  Silver and Opium 
From the mid-17th century more than 9 billion Troy ounces or 290 thousand metric tons of silver was absorbed by China from European countries in exchange for Chinese goods. The British introduced opium along with tobacco as an export item to China
Tuesday, February 12, 2019
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
Gold Standard Technical Operating Discussions 2: More Variations
Last week, we were talking about some of the technical issues of operating a gold standard system.There are actually quite a few different ways you can do things. January 8, 2012: Some Gold Standand Technical Operating Discussions We looked at a few options: one was a standard currency board with another currency.
Wednesday, January 30, 2019
John Paul Koning - Bullion Star
How California stayed with gold when the rest of the U.S. adopted fiat money
We are ten years into the age of bitcoin. But people are still using national currencies like yen, dollars, and pounds to buy things. What does history have to say about switches from one type of monetary system to another? In this post I’ll dig for lessons from California’s successful resistance to a fiat standard that was imposed on it in the 1860s by the rest of the U.
Saturday, January 19, 2019
Hugo Salinas Price
Thoughts on gold and humanity 
The supply of gold is largely misunderstood. According to MSM, gold supply is what is mined every year and brought to market – about 2,500 tonnes. This is a big mistake. The supply of gold is calculated at about 170,000 tonnes, made up of virtually all the gold ever mined since mankind took notice of its existence as shiny yellow pebbles in sand “placers” in riverbeds. Every ounce –every gram - of this supply is owned by someone, either a person or an institution. This brings up another point,
Wednesday, January 16, 2019
George F. Smith - Barbarous Relic
  Fielding my grandson’s questions about gold and banking
My grandson had quite a day at school.He had learned that the economy had been suffering from things called Panics, capital P, during the 19th century and had another big one in the early 20th century.He had been told that responsible, public-spirited men like J. P. Morgan had organized a central bank to prevent those Panics.He and other bankers finally got the government to go along with their idea and pass it into law in late 1913.And wouldn’t you know it — we’ve had no more Panics since then.
Saturday, January 5, 2019
Mike Hewitt - Dollar Daze
America's Forgotten War Against the Central Banks
"Let me issue and control a nation's money supply, and I care not who makes its laws." (Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of Rothschild Banking Dynasty) Many prominent Americans such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson have argued and fought against the central banking polices used throughout Europe. A note issued by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve Note, is bank currency. These notes are given to the government in exchange for an interest-bearing g
Sunday, December 30, 2018
Alasdair Macleod - FinanceandEconomics
  Why gold is better than cash 
The question most often asked of gold bulls is, “At what price will you take your profits?” It is a question that betrays a lack of understanding about why anyone should own gold. Nevertheless, the simple answer must be, “When paper money stops losing its value”. This response should alert anyone who asks this question to the idea that owning fiat cash is the speculative position, not ownership of precious metals.
Friday, November 30, 2018
Frank Shostak
Inflation Is Not About Price Increases
There is almost complete unanimity among economists and various commentators that inflation is about general increases in the prices of goods and services. From this it is established that anything that contributes to price increases sets in motion inflation.A fall in unemployment or a rise in economic activity is seen as a potential inflationary trigger. Some other triggers, such as rises in commodity prices or workers’ wages, are also regarded as potential threats.If inflation is just a genera
Friday, November 30, 2018
Thorsten Polleit
November 15, 1923: The End of German Hyperinflation 
On 15 November 1923 decisive steps were taken to end the nightmare of hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic: TheReichsbank, the German central bank, stopped monetizing government debt, and a new means of exchange, theRentenmark, was issued next to thePapermark (in German:Papiermark). These measures succeeded in halting hyperinflation, but the purchasing power of thePapermark was completely ruined.
Thursday, November 15, 2018
Hugo Salinas Price - Plata.com.mx
  On the use of gold coins as money 
Why don’t humans use gold coins as Money ? The answer is quite simple : because they don’t want to, under present circumstances. The attachment of humans to gold is remarkable; I suspect there is something metaphysical about gold that attracts human beings. Perhaps gold is part of the natural order of things, part of the Rerum Natura, and the relationship of humans to gold is “built-in”into human nature, like sexual attraction.
Friday, November 2, 2018
Mark O'Byrne - gold.ie
Gold Improves Investment, Pension and Central Bank Portfolio’s Risk-Adjusted Returns
 Hungary increases gold reserves 10 fold and central bank Governor sees gold as having “economic and national strategic importance” – Central banks diversifying into gold in order to ensure the national foreign exchange reserves are “safer” and to “reduce risk” – Gold allocation reduces volatility & enhances returns in investment & pension portfolios– As stocks sold off aggressively, gold & Google searches for ‘gold price’ rose significantly
Tuesday, October 30, 2018
Lysander Spooner
  Gold and Silver as Standards of Value 
All the usurpation, and tyranny, and extortion, and robbery, and fraud, that are involved in the monopoly of money are practised, and attempted to be justified, under the pretence of maintaining the standard of value. This pretence is intrinsically a false one throughout. And the whole motive for it is to afford some color of justification for such a monopoly of money as will enable the few holders of gold and silver coins (or of such other money as may be specially licensed and substituted for them) to extort, in exchange for them, more of other men’s property than the coins (or their substitutes) are naturally and truly worth. That such is the fact, it is the purpose of this article to prove.
Wednesday, October 24, 2018
Gold coins - Goldmoney
Gold coins: The Mexican Libertad
Mexico´s Libertad (Freedom) has been minted by the Mexican Mint “Casa de Moneda de Mexico” since 1981. After the South African Krugerrand and the Canadian Maple Leaf, the Mexican Libertad was the third modern bullion coin on sale at world markets. The gold coin, which is also known as “Onza”, is now one of the world’s top-selling coins. From 1981 to 1991 the Libertad had a purity of 90% (.900). As of 1991 the Mexican Mint increased the purity to 99.9 percent (.999).
Wednesday, October 24, 2018
Antal E. Fekete - Gold University
The Supply of Oxen at the IMF
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Saturday, October 6, 2018
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
  Gold Is 'Money' Because It Is Plentiful, Not Because It Is Scarce 
Gold, and its brother silver, have always been the basis of money, back to the beginnings of “money,” in the late fourth millennium B.C. Already by 2000 B.C., gold and silver had been “money” for over a thousand years–the entire history of “civilization” on this planet. Gold was still the basis of money in the 1960s, in an unbroken line stretching back to the beginnings of history. One somewhat counterintuitive requirement for “money” is that it does not have a utilitarian purpose; at least, no
Tuesday, October 2, 2018
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