Articles related to Theory
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
The origin of cycles
It was Karl Marx who was among the first believers that cyclical behaviour was endemic to free markets.He lived through a time when there was a regular cycle of boom and bust, with phases of economic expansion followed by contraction. Workers were employed and then unemployed, and the only way this could be stopped, in Marxian economics, was for the workers to acquire the means of production, or more correctly, the state to do so on their behalf.Other economists, such as Jevons and Wicksell, rec
Sunday, January 24, 2021
Frank Shostak
  Why Fractional-Reserve Banking Would Be Limited in an Unhampered Market 
The so-called multiplier arises as a result of the fact that banks are legally permitted to use money that is placed in demand deposits. Banks treat this type of money as if it was loaned to them, thus loaning it out while simultaneously allowing depositors to spend that money.RELATED: "Austrians, Fractional Reserves, and the Money Multiplier" by Robert BatemarcoFor example, if John places $100 in demand deposit at Bank One he doesn't relinquish his claim over the deposited $100. He has unlimite
Tuesday, December 22, 2020
Mac Slavo - ShtfPlan
  Predicting The Next Crisis, Programming Behavior: “The Ability To Track Entire Population”
This article was written by Brandon Smith and originally published at His site is Editor’s Comment: Unless you have gone well out of your way to stay off the grid completely, and out of the regular dealings of society, then you are being tracked, constantly surveilled and monitored – not for misbehavior and criminal activity so much as for behavior, typical activity, mass population movements, and flash points for crisis. Good predictions require a complete s
Tuesday, December 22, 2020
Eugen Von Böhm-Bawerk -
Our Passive Trade Balance
Editor's Note: Published in January 1914 in Neue Frei Presse,"Our Passive Trade Balance" (“Unsere passive Handelsbilanz”) would prove to be Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk's last publication before his death. Ludwig von Mises mentions the article in an essay written after Böhm-Bawerk's death, but to our knowledge, this is the first time the essay has appeared in English. Nathan Keeble located a scan of the article posted by the Austrian National Archives. Translation by Kai Weiss.]As is well known, the t
Saturday, December 19, 2020
Frank Shostak
How Inflation and Unemployment Are Related
A fall in the US unemployment rate to 4.6% in November from 4.9% in the month before, and 5% in November last year, has prompted some commentators to suggest that we are almost at the so-called natural rate, which is believed to be at around 4.5%.It is held that once the unemployment rate falls below an "optimal" rate — called the Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) — it sets off an inflationary spiral. This acceleration in the rate of inflation takes place through in
Tuesday, November 17, 2020
Frank Shostak
  Why It's Important to Define Money Correctly
Most economists hold that, since the early 1980s, correlations between various definitions of money and national income have broken down. The reason for this breakdown, it is held, is that financial deregulation has made the demand for money unstable. As a result it is held the usefulness of money as a predictor of economic events has significantly diminished.To fix the instability of the demand for money, economists have introduced a gauge of the money supply known as the Divisia monetary indic
Sunday, November 15, 2020
John Butler - Goldmoney
Financial crisis dynamics, the ‘shadow’ gold demand, and Mene
The study of financial crises is as old as the economics discipline itself. One of the most prominent theorists of financial crises ever to hold a senior Federal Reserve policy position was John Exter, vice-president of the New York Federal Reserve during the 1950s. Several years ago I co-wrote a series of essays on Exter’s theories together with his sonin- law, Barry Downs. In this paper, building on Exter’s work, including his eponymous ‘pyramid’, I introduce a new ‘hourglass’ framework for un
Saturday, November 14, 2020
Robert P. Murphy
The Gold Standard Did not Cause the Great Depression
Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 19, no. 1 (Spring 2016): 101–111[The Midas Paradox: Financial Markets, Government Policy Shocks, and the Great Depression by Scott Sumner]The Midas Paradox is an impressive piece of scholarship, representing the magnum opus of economist Scott Sumner. What makes the book so unique is Sumner’s use of real-time financial data and press accounts in order to explain not just broad issues—such as, “What caused the Great Depression?”—but to offer commentary on th
Thursday, November 12, 2020
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
God, Gold and Guns
We’ve been looking into One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter. October 2, 2017: One Nation Under Gold (2017), by James Ledbetter October 14, 2017: One Nation Under Gold #2: The Silliness of the Bretton Woods Years Now, we will follow Ledbetter’s account of the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, up to the present. The account of the 1971 devaluation was, following the pattern of this book, long on details but short on insight. It seemed to people at the time that they “had no choice,” that
Saturday, October 24, 2020
Mac Slavo - ShtfPlan
Two Stars Crashed Into Each Other Flinging Out Gold, And Wobbling The Universe 
The amazing new discovery of two crashing stars is a giant leap forward for astrophysics. This celestial event has been described by many as one of the most exciting things to happen in space. According to The Independent, the super-dense neuron stars crashed together 130 million light-years away, spewing out precious metals and other heavy elements like platinum and uranium. Neutron stars, the collapsed remnants of massive stars that have died in supernova explosions, are some of the most exoti
Saturday, October 3, 2020
Dan Popescu - GoldBroker
The Gold Standard
According to Mises, money’s function as a medium of exchange is thus the central one, while its store of value and unit of account functions are merely subordinate functions. I would say store of value and unit of account is what makes the medium of exchange marketable. The medium of exchange has to be simple to understand, not only by educated people but also the most uneducated. It has to be easily accessed, not only in ideal circumstances but also in difficult ones. Many things have been trie
Friday, July 10, 2020
Frank Shostak
Is Money Created by Government Decree
According to popular view people accept money because of a government decree.1 A government decree it is argued makes a particular thing accepted as a general medium of exchange. But, does it make sense?Demand for a good arises from its perceived benefit. For instance, people demand food because of the nourishment it offers them. It is different with money people demand it not for direct use in consumption but in order to exchange it for other goods and services.Money is not useful in itself, bu
Saturday, July 4, 2020
Nathan Lewis - New World Economics
Blame Gold
We have been talking about The Midas Paradox (2015), by Scott Sumner. July 23, 2017: The Midas Paradox (2015), by Scott Sumner. As you probably guessed from the three-word title, the book can be summarized in two words, which are: “blame gold.” This, as we have seen, is actually a relatively new notion, even if it enjoys some popularity today. The general consensus, which later (after 1950) became the Keynesian consensus, did not blame gold, or indeed, monetary policy in general, for the Great D
Friday, July 3, 2020
Alasdair Macleod - Finance and Eco.
  Understanding money and prices
This article explains the money side of prices, and why government currencies, unbacked by gold, are doomed to collapse. And why gold, which is the sound money chosen by markets throughout history, will retain or increase its purchasing power measured in the goods it buys over the coming years.Very few people have a full understanding of the relationship between money and goods. This is the relationship that sets prices. Yet, without that understanding, central banks will almost certainly fail i
Wednesday, June 3, 2020
Perth Mint Blog - Perth Mint Blog.
The ultimate guide to silver
Thinking about investing in silver? Here's your essential guide to the history, culture and science of one of the most remarkable metals known to man.  . The Periodic Table lists elements in order of atomic weight. At 47 on the table, silver is represented by 'Ag' from argentum, the Latin description for white, shiny metal.  . Silver is one of the seven so-called 'metals of antiquity' which mankind identified and found uses for thousands of years ago.  . First mined around 3,000 BC i
Friday, May 8, 2020
Steve Saville - Speculative Investor
Why bad economic theories remain popular 
Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek, the most prominent “Austrian” economists of the time, anticipated the 1929 stock market crash and correctly predicted the dire consequences of government attempts to artificially stimulate economic growth in the aftermath of the crash. John Maynard Keynes, on the other hand, was totally blindsided by the stock market crash and the economic disaster of the early 1930s. And yet, Keynes’s theories gained enormous popularity during the 1930s whereas the work of
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Chris Powell - GATA
  State Dept. memo explains U.S. policy to drive gold out of financial system
A long memorandum written in March 1974 by a U.S. State Department official for Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and copied to future Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, then the Treasury Department's undersecretary for monetary affairs, describes the desire of the United States and its options to prevent European countries from increasing the use of gold in the international financial system. The memo, titled "Gold and the Monetary System: Potential U.S.-E.C. Conflict," was recently discov
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
Frank Shostak
The Connection Between Money-Supply Growth and Inflation
In the article “Rapid money supply growth does not cause inflation” written by Richard Vague at the Institute for New Economic Thinking, December 2, 2016, the author argues that empirical evidence shows that increases in money supply has nothing to do with inflation. According to Vague,Monetarist theory, which came to dominate economic thinking in the 1980s and the decades that followed, holds that rapid money supply growth is the cause of inflation. The theory, however, fails an actual test of
Thursday, April 9, 2020
Wolf Richter
Negative Yields Not Required: Even “Low” Interest Rates Screw Up the Economy
How to make a mess in the era of low demand. This is the transcript from my podcast last Sunday, THE WOLF STREET REPORT: Now the plot thickens: I’ve got a former Secretary of the Treasury backing me up. We’ve already seen, including in my last podcast, how negative interest rates screw up the economy. Negative interest rates are so absurd that just thinking about them gives me a headache. In the era of negative interest rates, owning financial assets such as government bonds, or savings in the b
Thursday, August 29, 2019
James Howard Kunstler
He Did What ! ! 
 The only trouble with the conspiracy theory that hundreds of prominent and powerful people wanted Jeffrey Epstein dead is that Jeffrey Epstein might have wanted Jeffrey Epstein dead even more than they did. But that’s mere conjecture. His mind is beyond being read. Of course, the evidence of his alleged crimes didn’t die — the “meticulous” records he kept live on, along with the names of Mr. Epstein’s patrons, clients, marks, however you might clas
Monday, August 12, 2019