Close X Cookies are necessary for the proper functioning of 24hGold.com. By continuing your navigation on our website, you are accepting the use of cookies.
To learn more about cookies ...
EnglishFrench

100 Years Of U.S. Federal Income Tax

IMG Auteur
Published : February 04th, 2013
645 words - Reading time : 1 - 2 minutes
( 0 vote, 0/5 )
Print article
  Article Comments Comment this article Rating All Articles  
0
Send
0
comment
Our Newsletter...
Category : Crisis Watch
Submitted by Tyler Durden on 02/03/2013 12:27 -0500

On February 3rd, 1913, one of the two most historic events in US history took place: the ratification of the 16th amendment, which established Congress' right to impose a Federal income tax on Americans, and overturned Article I, Section 9 of the US Constitution which explicitly prohibited a general income tax. The amendment was brief and to the point, and read as follows: "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."


And with that, the US Federal Income Tax was born and has been with us for precisely 100 years. The amendment itself:

The result: the first ever iteration of what would henceforth become the most hated form in US history.

From OurDocuments.gov
Passed by Congress on July 2, 1909, and ratified February 3, 1913, the 16th amendment established Congress's right to impose a Federal income tax.

Far-reaching in its social as well as its economic impact, the income tax amendment became part of the Constitution by a curious series of events culminating in a bit of political maneuvering that went awry.

The financial requirements of the Civil War prompted the first American income tax in 1861. At first, Congress placed a flat 3-percent tax on all incomes over $800 and later modified this principle to include a graduated tax. Congress repealed the income tax in 1872, but the concept did not disappear.

After the Civil War, the growing industrial and financial markets of the eastern United States generally prospered. But the farmers of the south and west suffered from low prices for their farm products, while they were forced to pay high prices for manufactured goods. Throughout the 1860s, 1870s, and 1880s, farmers formed such political organizations as the Grange, the Greenback Party, the National Farmers’ Alliance, and the People’s (Populist) Party. All of these groups advocated many reforms (see the Interstate Commerce Act) considered radical for the times, including a graduated income tax.

In 1894, as part of a high tariff bill, Congress enacted a 2-percent tax on income over $4,000. The tax was almost immediately struck down by a five-to-four decision of the Supreme Court, even though the Court had upheld the constitutionality of the Civil War tax as recently as 1881. Although farm organizations denounced the Court’s decision as a prime example of the alliance of government and business against the farmer, a general return of prosperity around the turn of the century softened the demand for reform. Democratic Party Platforms under the leadership of three-time Presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan, however, consistently included an income tax plank, and the progressive wing of the Republican Party also espoused the concept.

In 1909 progressives in Congress again attached a provision for an income tax to a tariff bill. Conservatives, hoping to kill the idea for good, proposed a constitutional amendment enacting such a tax; they believed an amendment would never receive ratification by three-fourths of the states. Much to their surprise, the amendment was ratified by one state legislature after another, and on February 25, 1913, with the certification by Secretary of State Philander C. Knox, the 16th amendment took effect. Yet in 1913, due to generous exemptions and deductions, less than 1 percent of the population paid income taxes at the rate of only 1 percent of net income.

This document settled the constitutional question of how to tax income and, by so doing, effected dramatic changes in the American way of life.
As for the other historic event of US history, ironically it, too, took place in 1913, on December 23: this was the day when the Federal Reserve was founded.
The charts below summarize what has happened next:




Source: Zero Hedge
Companies Mentionned : Prosperity |
<< Previous article
Rate : Average :0 (0 vote)
>> Next article
All the stuff you don't want to know about, but should. And, when you do know, you realize that for the present you are powerless to change it This article is brought to you by the Charleston Voice E-mail List. To subscribe FREE to the distribution list, send an e-mail to the author with 'SUBSCRIBE' in the subject line.
Latest comment posted for this article
Be the first to comment
Add your comment
Top articles
Latest Comments
Why we should abandon the State
28 Julovertheedge
What a gigantic pile of horse excrement. Cherry pick everything that has gone wrong. Completely discount the hard fact that the author and ...
Iran Agreement Boosts Peace, Def...
26 Julkeith95
How about the US invading Afghanistan in 2001, Iraq in 2003 ... leading to the current unrest in the middle east while supporting the 'Saudi's' ......
Take Possession of IRA Metals We...
24 Julericgolub
Internal Revenue Code 4975 language suggests that whether the gold is held directly by the IRA or by an IRA LLC (which is nonetheless still subject...
Gold Miners Nearing Rebound
24 Julsonora69
Silver has already made a 50 cent down and up round trip as of 3:30. This is happening on a Friday, with the stock markets failing to make an advan...
Why Pensions Are A (Big) Black Swan
25 JulS W.1
No (pensions) are not a black swan, which is totally random unforeseen event.
Iran Agreement Boosts Peace, Def...
23 Julsonora69-2
Doesn't anyone remember the Iran hostage crisis, when Iran held 52 American diplomats and citizens hostage for 444 days in 1979-1981. How about 198...
What Do Greece and Louisiana Hav...
23 Julovertheedge
"The US financial system isn’t any better. ... , Actual currency is just a little over $1.36 trillion. ..." And it is assumed that about h...
Why Are We Here?
23 Julovertheedge1
No "woe is me" here. Just another buying opportunity. Using leverage is not buying, it is borrowing. It ain't bought til it's paid off....
Most commented articlesFavoritesMore...
World PM Newsflow
ALL
GOLD
SILVER
PGM & DIAMONDS
OIL & GAS
OTHER METALS
Mining Company News
Arianne Phosphate(Ur-Mo-Ti)DAN.V
Extends the Term of Warrants
CA$ 0.86-2.27%Trend Power :
Financings
Anaconda Min.(Au)ANX.TO
Reports 12.83 g/t Gold Over 4.38 Metres and 8.55 g/t Gold Over 4.97 Metres from Channel Sampl
CA$ 0.04+0.00%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Capstone Mining(Ag-Au-Cu)CS.TO
Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results
CA$ 0.96+6.67%Trend Power :
Financials
Taseko(Au-Cu-Mo)TKO.TO
and Soda Creek Indian Band Sign Participation and Cooperation Agreement
CA$ 0.65-1.52%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Tinka Resources(Ag)TK.V
commences 10,000 metre drill program at Ayawilca zinc project, announces new IP results & tar
CA$ 0.17+0.00%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Sandstorm Gold(Cu-Mo-Au)SSL.V
Files Early Warning Report
CA$ 3.18+0.95%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Crown PointCWV.V
Provides Operational Update and Announces Executive Change
CA$ 0.14+0.00%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Cardero Res.(Ag-Au-Cu)CDU.TO
Announces Acquisition of the Advanced Zonia Copper Oxide Project in Arizona
CA$ 0.01+0.00%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Vista Gold(Cu-Le-Zn)VGZ.TO
. Announces Receipt of an Additional A$5.9 Million Net Tax Refund Under the Australian Govern
CA$ 0.36+7.46%Trend Power :
Corporate news
First Majestic(Le-Zn-Au)FR.TO
announces friendly acquisition of Silvercrest Mines
CA$ 4.15+0.73%Trend Power :
Corporate news
Comments closed